One has to wonder how many Catholics have been excommunicated for less grievous
sins than covering up child abuse? I don't know the answer.
Maybe few to no excommunications take place. But I've heard Catholic
leaders publically say who should or should not take communion. Archbishop Sean
O'Malley said in 2004 that Catholic politicians who do not vote in line
with church teachings "shouldn't dare come to Communion." Maybe there is no precedent for a Cardinal not to participate in a Papal
conclave. But could not Cardinal Mahoney recuse himself? Just
seems everybody should be held to the same standard.