A partial government shutdown began to take effect at 12:01 a.m. on October 1, 2013, when the Senate and House failed to reach an agreement on spending legislation due to debates over the funding of President Barack Obama's health care overhaul.
The shutdown entered its second week Monday, with rumors that it may last until the debt ceiling battle kicks in and the country runs out of its ability to borrow money on October 17.
With the shutdown, an estimated 800,000 "non-essential" government workers — out of 3.3 million — were put on furlough and more than 400 national parks and museums were closed, while other government sites and services were frozen or canceled.
Here's a look at 30 things, from personal homes to websites, Twitter feeds and war memorials, that have been (or were at one point) closed due to the government shutdown.
The World War II monument, which was funded almost entirely by private contributions, has become one of the most visual symbols of the shutdown, as veterans came face-to-face with barricades and National Park Police.
Hours after the open-air memorial was blocked off with barricades and closed to the public on October 1 due to the shutdown, four busloads of veterans arrived, Stars and Stripes reported. Several lawmakers helped the veterans gain access to the site that day, while other veterans made it into the memorial the next day.
"The Honor Flights are being granted access to the WWII memorial to conduct First Amendment activities in accordance with National Park Service regulations applicable to the National Mall and Memorial Parks," National Park Service Spokeswoman Carol Johnson said on Oct. 2.
On Oct. 2, The Washington Post reported that The National Park Service had declined Republican National Committee chairman Reince Priebus's offer to pay to keep the WWII memorial open for the next 30 days.
The Navy-Air Force football game faced cancellation after the partial government shutdown began on Oct. 1 and the Department of Defense suspended all intercollegiate athletics at the service academies.
According to the Capital Gazette, the Naval Academy Athletic Association is a private organization not funded by the government, and the Air Force football team could execute the trip without government funding. As the shutdown began, Naval Academy Athletic Director Chet Gladchuk said the cancellation was about "optics."
"It's a perception thing," the Capital Gazette quoted Gladchuk as saying. "Apparently it doesn't resonate with all the other government agencies that have been shut down."
The game was played Saturday, however, thanks to donations from USAA, a Texas-based insurance company for current and former military families, the Denver Post reported.
According to The Associated Press, the current closure of the Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona is only its second since the park was created in 1919, and the park is remaining closed until the shutdown is resolved.
Arizona Gov. Jan Brewer and businesses offered to pay for park employees and other costs if the park remained open, but The Associated Press reported that superintendant Dave Uberuaga was going to "stick to his guns" as part of the administration's strategy of not accepting partial fixes to the budget standoff.
In a letter sent to Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell, Arizona Sens. Jeff Flake and John McCain argued Jewell has "broad discretionary authority" to accept donated funds to keep the park open, and said they "fail to understand why the Department and the NPS would dismiss the efforts of Arizonans trying to proactively address this situation."
All cemeteries and memorials operated by the American Battle Monuments Commission — an agency of the executive branch of the federal government — have been closed due to the shutdown. These cemeteries include the American Cemetery in Suresnes, west of Paris (pictured here) and the Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial.
The ABMC calls itself the "guardian of America's overseas commemorative cemeteries and memorials" and its mission is to honor the service, achievements and sacrifice of U.S. Armed Forces, according to its website. The ABMC administers and maintains 26 memorials, monuments or markers and 24 permanent American burial grounds on foreign soil.
The abmc.gov website states, "Due to the lack of funding for ABMC operations (U.S. Government shutdown), ABMC cemeteries and memorials are temporarily closed. We are unable to respond to your inquiries or provide the services and products described in the "Services Available" section of this Web site. We regret any inconvenience these temporary actions may cause. ABMC will resume normal operations when a new funding measure is passed by the U.S. Congress and signed by the president of the United States."
Yellowstone, the country's first national park, was affected by the government shutdown, with The Wall Street Journal reporting on Oct. 1 that all entrances had been closed and visitors instructed to find an exit.
The shutdown has had — and is having — a financial impact on towns and businesses built on the tourism industry, with visitors canceling planned trips or choosing to head to different locations.
While the website of the U.S. Department of the Interior is still up and working, the National Park Service website has been shuttered for the shutdown.
"Because of the federal government shutdown, all national parks are closed and National Park Service webpages are not operating," the site says. "For more information, go to www.doi.gov."
While some see the closure of national parks as politically motivated, defenders of the decision say the policy was necessary because without agents patrolling these areas, keeping them open would invite liability problems, The Christian Science Monitor reported on Oct. 3.
"Our parks aren't just Yosemite or the Grand Canyon, but the Park Service is literally the keeper of America," former park ranger John Freemuth told the paper. "They protect and interpret and deal with all of that symbolism, including the places where presidents were, battlefields — all these things that symbolize us at our best and our worst."
On Oct. 1, Google celebrated Yosemite's 123rd anniversary with a commemorative doodle, while that same day, the government closed the park down in what a Google spokesperson told cnet.com was "an unfortunate coincidence."
According to the Fresno Bee's interview with park spokesman Scott Gediman, stopping to view the scenery or take a hike is prohibited during the shutdown.
When the shutdown first began, jokesters on Twitter began suggesting that the government would cover Mount Rushmore with a curtain or tarp to block it from views.
Although things haven't gone quite that far, South Dakota media reports that the monument has been closed by the shutdown and National Park Service employees are blocking off viewing areas on the sides of the road.
According to Gov. Dennis Daugaard's chief of staff Dusty Johnson, the cones went up on Oct. 1. Since then, the Sioux Falls Business Journal reports, some of the cones have been removed at the request of the state and others were moved when a blizzard hit the area and plows needed the road space
On Oct. 1, The Associated Press reported that the governor offered the help of state employees if the monument was going to be forced to close, but Park Service spokeswoman Maureen McGee-Dallinger said the agency couldn't accept.
"It's not open for state or private entities to operate since it is a federal entity," McGee-Dallinger told The Associated Press. "If there is a federal lapse in funding, we will be closed."
On Friday, Oct. 4, a local NBC station reported that a group of Vietnam War veterans found their open-air memorial in Washington, D.C. blocked off and moved the barricades before they and the tourists that followed were asked to leave by U.S. Park Police.
"The consensus among the group of Vietnam veterans was we're going to go anyway. We'll go through the barricade," Reid Mendenhall told the station.
On Oct. 5, Rep. Steve King, R-Iowa, who earlier in the week helped World War II veterans gain access to their memorial, tweeted a picture of the Vietnam Memorial entrance with two guards and a German shepherd standing nearby.
"Vietnam Wall entrance is open to all," his tweet said. "Guard dog and guards are solely for intimidation. Go in. God bless 'em."
On October 5, Daniel Halper at The Weekly Standard reported that the Iow Jima Memorial in Rosslyn, Virginia, had joined other open-air war memorials in being blocked off to the public.
Digtriad.com reported the next day that Central New York veterans knocked over the water-filled barriers blocking access to the site in order to allow Honor Flight buses through.
Honor Flight tours were created to help World War II veterans visit the Washington, D.C., area and see the memorials honoring their service. According to the Honor Flight website, the program is working to extend its service to veterans of the Korean and Vietnam Wars, as well as more current wars.
The Shenandoah National Park in Virginia and Skyline Drive — which is touted on its website as "one of America's favorite mountain drives" and "an escape from the ordinary" — have both been closed due to the government shutdown.
"It makes me pretty angry with our officials," tourist Sandra West told wjla.com. "We own these parks. We pay taxes and we should be allowed to actually have access to everything that is national."
According to an October 5 article in the Las Vegas Review-Journal, an estimated 60 families with homes on federal land along the shores of Lake Mead were given 24 hours notice to leave the area due to the government shutdown.
"I seriously, seriously threatened to stay and not leave," Bob Hitchcock told the Las Vegas Review-Journal. "I mean, I thought, 'Are they really going to come down hard on somebody for trespassing inside his own home?'"
Arizona news station ktnv.com talked with 77-year-old Joyce Spencer and her 80-year-old husband Ralph, who were told they had 24 hours to leave the Lake Mead home they had owned since the 1970s.
"Unfortunately overnight stays are not permitted until a budget is passed and the park can reopen," the station quoted park officials as saying
Like other national parks, Zion National Park in Utah has been closed, but the locked gates failed to stop a small group of visitors from entering the park on October 5.
"I wanted to go hiking today, and so I thought I'd invite some friends to come join me," James Milligan told McKenzie Romero of the Deseret News. "The way I see it, this is our park over here and no one has the right to shut us out of it."
"We did warn them we are closed and they seem to understand that," said Aly Baltrus, a National Park Service public information officer. "We are simply observing and we'll be taking pictures. We're trying to let people know they can get tickets and they can get cited later, and we're trying to get them to just follow the basic rules."
Websites run by the government are hit-and-miss during the shutdown, with some working, some operating but not being updated, and others — like the USDA website — closed down entirely.
"Due to the lapse in federal government funding, this website is not available," the site says. "After funding has been restored, please allow some time for this website to become available again."
Blogger Jon Christian highlighted a memo by Office of Management and Budget director Sylvia M. Burwell, where she said, "Federal activities funded through lapsed appropriations is that such activities, including IT operations, may continue only if they are excepted activities under the Antideficiency Act, or where their continuation is necessarily implied from a congressional authorization or appropriation of other continued functions."
The memo continued, "The determination of which services continue during an appropriations lapse is not affected by whether the costs of shutdown exceeds the costs of maintaining services."
The U.S. Capitol Visitor Center website is not shut down, but the facility it invites viewers to visit is, with a message on the front page stating that "due to a lapse in government funding, the Capitol Visitor Center will be closed and all tours of the Capitol have been suspended until further notice."
While lawmakers are still working in the Capitol Building and in the House and Senate Office Buildings, services like trash and recycling collection and the daily cleaning of restrooms would be discontinued or limited, pbs.org reported on September 30.
Some groups can still gain access to the Capitol, though, if members of Congress personally accompany the tour at all times and tours are kept at 10 people per group or fewer, Roll Call's Hannah Hess reported on Oct. 2, after a Miami University group's presence in the building raised questions about the "rule-bending tour."
The National Zoo's Panda Cam, which showed panda Mei Xiang and her new cub, was one of the first casualties of the government shutdown as it went offline on October 1 at 8 a.m.
Although the zoo is closed and tourists are being turned away, animal caretakers are still on the job.
The Second Division Memorial located in Washington, D.C., may not be a well-known war memorial, but according to a photo posted by a Washington reporter on Twitter, it can claim the title of one of the least well-guarded memorials affected by the shutdown.
A photo posted on Twitter by John McCormack of The Weekly Standard showed a large grassy area surrounding the monument, with a single barricade fence standing in the distance. A sign on the fence read, "Because of the federal government shutdown, this National Park Service area is closed, except for 1st Amendment activities."
The Second Division Memorial pays tribute to those who died while serving in the 2nd Infantry Division of the U.S. Army in World War I, with additional memorials added to honor the dead of World War II and the Korean War.
While the least-guarded award goes to the Second Division Memorial, the most vocal award goes to the Claude Moore Colonial Farm, which — despite receiving no federal funding — was closed because it is located on federal land.
"We have operated the Farm successfully for 32 years after the NPS cut the Farm from its budget in 1980 and are fully staffed and prepared to open today, but there are barricades at the Pavilions and entrance to the Farm," Managing Director Anna Eberly told Bryan Preston at pjmedia.com. "If you were to park on the grass and visit on your own, you run the risk of being arrested. Of course, that will cost the NPS staff salaries to police the Farm against intruders while leaving it open will cost them nothing."
In an interview conducted Sunday and posted early Monday, Eberly said the Farm is pursing legal action.
"We believe, according to our lease with the National Park Service, that we have both a right and a duty to be open to the public," Eberly said. "Of course, the Feds don't work weekends, so nothing on that front can happen until (Monday)."
According to The New York Times, the Ford's Theater Society — despite receiving no federal financing and employing no federal workers — felt the bite of the government shutdown when it was barred from hosting shows or performances at Ford's Theatre.
"The society, a private nonprofit group, continued its performances during the last government shutdown 17 years ago. But officials with the group said they received conflicting messages over the last few days about whether the theater — a national historic site owned by the federal government but run by the society ‚ would stay open during the shutdown," The New York Times reported on October 1.
After being informed that the group's show, "The Laramie Project," would not be able to be performed that night, they quickly found a new venue and put on a "bare-bones" version of the play that received praise from The New York Times in its review.
Confusion over Mount Vernon — the home of George Washington — left the National Park Service feeling "silly" after officials blocked parking lots at the privately owned and funded historic site, inquisitr.com reported on October 4.
Mount Vernon's media director Melissa Wood said the NPS removed the barricades "as soon as they realized their mistake," an Independent Journal Review article reported.
The Mountvernon.org website proclaims its open status loud and clear, with an announcement saying, "We're open! No shutdown here. The Federal government may be shut down, but Washington's home remains open. Mount Vernon has remained a private non-profit for more than 150 years."
According to an October 3 story at the Miami Herald, the National Park Service shut down the ocean — or at least Florida Bay.
"Charter guides received a message from the National Park Service this week informing them that they are not permitted to take clients fishing in Florida Bay until the feds get back to work," reporter Charles Rabin wrote. "That means that more than 1,100 square miles of prime fishing is off limits between the southern tip of the mainland to the Keys until further notice."
Biscayne National Park was also shut down, the story said.
The Gettysburg visitor center is the only one in the nation's 400 national parks still open due to its being operated by a private foundation, pennlive.com reported October 2, but visitors at Gettysburg are unable to see much of the famed battlefield due to the government shutdown.
"You save up for a vacation and everything you want to see is closed," Cathy Goggin told pennlive.com. "I have a relative who's supposed to be buried there and I came to check and I can't . . . I don't know who's right and who's wrong, but to shut down the federal government is wrong."
While media reports focused on World War II veterans storming the barriers at their memorial on the first day of the government shutdown, elsewhere on the mall, another group of veterans was moving barricades to get to the Korean War Veterans Memorial, The Washington Post reported.
"We went on the other side of the barriers like good soldiers should, and we laid our wreath there," Anthony Mele, president of the Puerto Rican 65th Infantry Regiment's honor task force, told the Post. "We were told that all permits were rescinded . . . I thought they said all permits were rescinded except ours."
Just months after the Statue of Liberty reopened with the completion of Superstorm Sandy-driven renovations, the national landmark closed again thanks to the government shutdown.
The contractors who normally ferry tourists out to the statue's island are offering trips by the site, only without the traditional stops at Liberty State Park and Ellis Island, nj.com reported on October 3.
According to Mashable, the Curiosity rover is still roaming around on Mars despite the government shutdown, but its Twitter feed informed the world on October 1 that it would no longer be tweeting about its adventures.
"Sorry, but I won't be tweeting/responding to replies during the government shutdown," the account said. "Back as soon as possible."
Curiosity is kept running due to contract workers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory who are not subject to the same furloughs as other employees, Mashable reported.
Smithsonian museums lining the National Mall, from the Air and Space Museum to the National Museum of American History and the Holocaust Museum, are closed due to the government shutdown, leaving tourists to discover other sites not run by the government.
Altogether, 18 Smithsonian organizations in Washington and two in New York have been closed, The Los Angeles Times reported on October 1.
The House passed H.J. Res. 70, also known as the "Open Our Nation's Parks and Museums Act" on October 2. As of October 3, the bill has been placed on the Senate Legislative Calendar under General Orders.
NASA astronauts can survive intense mission training and adventures in space, but their Twitter account proved to be less resilient in the face of the partial government shutdown.
On October 1, the @NASA_Astronaut Twitter account posted this message: "Sorry, but we won't be tweeting/responding to replies during the government shutdown. Be back as soon as possible!"
A second tweet added, "Due to the gov't shutdown, all public NASA activities/events are cancelled or postponed until further notice. Sorry for the inconvenience."
In October 2011, Michelle Obama became the first sitting first lady of the United States to tweet, but almost two years later, she's also the first to have her Twitter account go quiet due to a government shutdown.
"Due to Congress's failure to pass legislation to fund the government, updates to this account will be limited," an October 1 tweet said. The tweet also included the hashtag #Shutdown.
The Lincoln Memorial, one of Washington's most recognizable attractions, was surrounded by gates on the first day of the shutdown, keeping people off of the steps where Martin Luther King Jr. stood to give his famous "I Have a Dream" speech and away from the sculpture of the nation's sixteenth president and the engraved words of the Gettysburg Address and Lincoln's Second Inaugural Address.
There has been some debate over whether or not the monument was closed during previous shutdowns, with one 1995 Associated Press photo showing barricades and "area closed" signs around the monument, and another showing people walking around the interior of the marble structure.
According to capecodonline.com, guests at the Nauset Knoll Motor Lodge were told that as of 11 a.m. on October 3, they needed to be out of the 12-room hotel, which operates with a lease from the Cape Cod National Seashore.
"It's a little disappointing to have your vacation interrupted by a hissy fit," guest Shari Juranic told capecodonline.com,. "You work so hard to have a week's vacation. Do these people realize how this affects everyone else?"