Associated Press

The Dead Sea Scrolls: Life and Faith in Ancient Times exhibit at The Leonardo will give visitors the chance to see the largest collection of scrolls and Holy Land artifacts ever assembled outside of Israel.

Here are some interesting facts about the Dead Sea Scrolls.

Related: From Israel to Salt Lake City: Inside the journey of the Dead Sea Scrolls

>> Two men stand on the foundations of the ancient Khirbet Qumran ruins which lie on the northwestern shore of the Dead Sea in Jordan, Jan. 14, 1957. The ruins are above the caves in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1947. In the background are the Hills of Moab with the Dead Sea below.

Discovering the Dead Sea Scrolls
Associated Press

Approximately 900 different writings and writing fragments were found in 11 caves near Khirbet, Qumran between 1947 and 1956. According to, a Bedouin shepherd made the initial discovery. More than 200 of the writings found in the caves have been identified as being text from the Old Testament, including the Ten Commandments Scroll.

>> An Israel Museum worker points at the word "Jerusalem" written in a part of the Isaiah Scroll, one of the Dead Sea Scrolls, inside the vault of the Shrine of the Book building at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, Monday, Sept. 26, 2011.

Biblical books
Associated Press

According to the Digital Dead Sea Scrolls website, approximately two hundred copies of biblical books, most fragmentary, were found in Qumran. The documents encompass almost all the books of the Hebrew Bible, with the exception of Nehemiah and Esther. Non-canonical previously known works were discovered as well, such as Jubilees and 1 Enoch, while others such as the Genesis Apocryphon or the Temple Scroll were new. The Ten Commandments scroll is the most complete and best-preserved ancient example of the Ten Commandments in the world, a article said.

>> Israel Antiquities Department conservator Tatiana Treiger unwraps a portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls containing the ten commandments before installing them at Discovery Times Square in New York, Thursday, Dec. 15, 2011.

Documents online
Associated Press

In 2011, some of the Dead Sea Scrolls went online thanks to a collaborative effort between Israel's national museum and Google. The original effort saw five of the most important scrolls posted online. Separately, the Israel Antiquities Authority began putting other manuscripts online in conjunction with Google. As of 2011, the Antiquities Authority project was tentatively set to be completed by 2016.

>> Pnina Shor, Head of the Dead Sea Scrolls Project at the IAA, Israel Antiquities Authority, walks past a projector showing a fragment of the Dead Sea Scrolls, during a joint IAA and Google press conference in Jerusalem, Tuesday, Oct. 19, 2010.

Ownership of the scrolls
Associated Press

Apart from the first seven scrolls found in Qumran, which are entrusted to the Israel Museum, most of the fragments belong to the Israel Antiquities Authority. Fragments also belongs to other institutions like the Jordan Archaeological Museum, the Bibliotheque Nationale de France in Paris or private owners.

>> An Israel Antiquities Authority, IAA, worker presents fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls, at the IAA offices at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, Monday, Sept. 26, 2011.

Language on the scrolls
Associated Press

Hebrew is the most common language found on the scrolls, although some are written in Aramaic and Greek. About 14 scrolls are written in the ancient Hebrew script, and many use a cryptographic script combining mirror writing and a mixture of Jewish, ancient Hebrew and Greek scripts.

>> American archaeologist Dr. Randall Price, holds an ancient pottery vessel, in Qumran, a site next to the Dead Sea, Tuesday, Aug. 17, 2004.

The Copper Scroll
Associated Press

The Copper Scroll, part of the Dead Sea collection, is made of copper sheeting and reads "like an ancient scavenger hunt or secret treasure list, naming 64 potential loot-filled locations," said. No treasure has been discovered from the Copper Scroll's instructions.

>> A researcher with the Israel Antiquities Authority examines a portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Wednesday, May 9, 2012, in Philadelphia.

The Temple Scroll
Associated Press

The Temple Scroll, which gives instructions for building the temple in Jerusalem and observances for temple worship, consists of 18 sheets of parchment. It was translated/interpreted in a publication by Professor Yigael Yadin in 1977, said. The text is divided into four main categories: construction instructions, festivals and sacrificial rites, laws regarding purity and impurity and an adaptation of temple laws found in Deuteronomy.

In this March 28, 2006 file photo, three fragments from the Temple Scroll, one of eight the Dead Sea Scrolls, is displayed at the Maltz Museum of Jewish Heritage in Beachwood, Ohio.

The Great Isaiah Scroll
Associated Press

The Great Isaiah Scroll is one of the original seven scrolls discovered in Qumran in 1947. It is the largest and best preserved of all the scrolls and is the only one that is almost complete, according to the Digital Dead Sea Scrolls website.

>> A portion of the 'Book of Isaiah' from the Dead Sea scrolls is on display at the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem, Tuesday May 13, 2008.

The War Scroll
Associated Press

The War Scroll, also known as "The War of the Sons of Light Against the Sons of Darkness," is one of the seven original Dead Sea Scrolls discovered in Qumran in 1947, according to the Digital Dead Sea Scrolls website. This scroll describes a seven-stage confrontation between the "Sons of Light" and the "Sons of Darkness." According to the scrolls, the war would last 49 years, the "Sons of Light" would be victorious and temple service and sacrifices would be restored.

>> Israeli Professor of Archaelogy Hanan Eshel, of Tel Aviv's Bar Ilan University, pauses as look at a grave that his team had uncovered at the West Bank archaelogical site of Qumran, near the Dead Sea Thursday July 26, 2001.

The Community Rule Scroll
Associated Press

The Community Rule scroll is a sectarian work which deals with subjects like the admission of new members, conduct at communal meals and theological doctrines such as the belief in predestination. "The importance of this work lies in the fact that it provides a rare opportunity to learn about the lives of the sectarians, whom we assume to be Essenes, through their own rule literature," the Digital Dead Sea Scrolls website said.

>> Tourists look at portions of the Dead Sea scrolls on display at the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem, Tuesday May 13, 2008.