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Hugo Chavez's hand-picked successor Nicolas Maduro barely wins Venezuela presidential vote

Published: Friday, Aug. 28 2015 9:31 a.m. MDT

Venezuela's interim President Nicolas Maduro greets supporters as he arrives to cast his ballot in the presidential election in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013.Venezuelan electoral officials announced Sunday evening that voters narrowly elected Maduro, Hugo Chavez's hand-picked successor as president in a razor-close special election.  (Enric Marti, Associated Press) Venezuela's interim President Nicolas Maduro greets supporters as he arrives to cast his ballot in the presidential election in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013.Venezuelan electoral officials announced Sunday evening that voters narrowly elected Maduro, Hugo Chavez's hand-picked successor as president in a razor-close special election. (Enric Marti, Associated Press)

CARACAS, Venezuela — Hugo Chavez's hand-picked successor, Nicolas Maduro, won a razor-thin victory in Sunday's special presidential election, edging the opposition's leader by only about 300,000 votes, electoral officials announced.

Maduro's stunningly close victory over Henrique Capriles came after a campaign in which the winner promised to carry on Chavez's self-proclaimed socialist revolution while the challenger's main message was that Chavez's 14-year regime put Venezuela on the road to ruin.

Maduro, acting president since Chavez's death, held a double-digit advantage in opinion polls just two weeks ago, but electoral officials said he got just 50.7 percent of the votes to 49.1 percent for Capriles with nearly all ballots counted.

Chavistas set off fireworks and blasted car horns as they cruised downtown Caracas in jubilation.

At Capriles' campaign headquarters, people hung their heads quietly as the results were announced by an electoral council stacked with government loyalists. Many started crying; others just stared at TV screens in disbelief.

Residents wait in line to enter a polling station during the presidential election in Caracas, Venezuela, early Sunday, April 14, 2013. Interim President Nicolas Maduro, who served as the late President Hugo Chavez's foreign minister and vice president, is running against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. The newspaper's headline reads in Spanish Residents wait in line to enter a polling station during the presidential election in Caracas, Venezuela, early Sunday, April 14, 2013. Interim President Nicolas Maduro, who served as the late President Hugo Chavez's foreign minister and vice president, is running against opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. The newspaper's headline reads in Spanish "Vote in Peace." (Ariana Cubillos, Associated Press)

"I can't believe this. This can't be happening. The votes should all be recounted to be 100 percent sure who won," said Jenny Morales, 26, a volunteer who handed out posters and leaflets during the campaign.

The mood lightened after another electoral council director, Vicente Diaz, proposed an audit of the vote.

There was no immediate word from Capriles, but Maduro addressed a crowd from the presidential palace after winning a six-year term. In a booming voice, he called his victory further proof that Chavez "continues to be invincible, that he continues to win battles."

He said that Capriles had called him before the results were announced to suggest a "pact" and that Maduro refused.

Maduro, a longtime foreign minister to Chavez, rode a wave of sympathy for the charismatic leader to victory, pinning his hopes on the immense loyalty for his boss among millions of poor beneficiaries of government largesse and the powerful state apparatus that Chavez skillfully consolidated.

A Venezuelan, who resides in Mexico, casts his vote inside Venezuela's consulate office that was serving as a polling station, in Mexico City, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Voters were deciding Sunday whether to elect interim President Nicolas Maduro, who served as late President Hugo Chavez's foreign minister and vice president or opposition candidate Henrique Capriles, in a special presidential election to replace Chavez who died of cancer on March 5.   (Marco Ugarte, Associated Press) A Venezuelan, who resides in Mexico, casts his vote inside Venezuela's consulate office that was serving as a polling station, in Mexico City, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Voters were deciding Sunday whether to elect interim President Nicolas Maduro, who served as late President Hugo Chavez's foreign minister and vice president or opposition candidate Henrique Capriles, in a special presidential election to replace Chavez who died of cancer on March 5. (Marco Ugarte, Associated Press)

Capriles' main campaign weapon was to simply emphasize "the incompetence of the state" in handling the world's largest oil reserves.

Analyst David Smilde at the Washington Office on Latin America think tank predicted the victory would prove pyrrhic and make Maduro extremely vulnerable.

"It will make people in his coalition think that perhaps he is not the one to lead the revolution forward," Smilde said.

In a hint of discontent within Chavista ranks, National Assembly President Diosdado Cabello, who many consider Maduro's main rival, expressed dismay at the tight outcome.

He tweeted: "The results oblige us to make a profound self-criticism. It's contradictory that the poor sectors of the population vote for their longtime exploiters."

Millions of Venezuelans were lifted out of poverty under Chavez, but many also believe his government not only squandered, but plundered, much of the $1 trillion in oil revenues during his tenure.

Chavista militants and government supporters, one holding a portrait of Venezuela's late President Hugo Chavez, wait for presidential election results outside the Miraflores Palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Venezuelans went to the polls Sunday to choose the next president between Hugo Chavez's chosen successor, ruling party candidate Nicolas Maduro, and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles.  (Ramon Espinosa, Associated Press) Chavista militants and government supporters, one holding a portrait of Venezuela's late President Hugo Chavez, wait for presidential election results outside the Miraflores Palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Venezuelans went to the polls Sunday to choose the next president between Hugo Chavez's chosen successor, ruling party candidate Nicolas Maduro, and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. (Ramon Espinosa, Associated Press)

Venezuelans are afflicted by chronic power outages, crumbling infrastructure, unfinished public works projects, double-digit inflation, food and medicine shortages, and rampant crime — one of the world's highest homicide and kidnapping rates — that the opposition said worsened after Chavez succumbed March 5 to cancer.

"This is a result in which the 'official winner' appears as the biggest loser," said Amherst College political scientist Javier Corrales. "The 'official loser' — the opposition — emerges even stronger than it did six months ago. These are very delicate situations in any political system, especially when there is so much mistrust of institutions."

Turnout was 78 percent, down from just over 80 percent in the October election that Chavez won by a nearly 11-point margin.

Many across the nation put little stock in Maduro's claims that sabotage by the far right was to blame for worsening power outages and food shortages in the weeks before the vote.

Chavista militants and government supporters wait for presidential election results outside the Miraflores Palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Venezuelans went to the polls Sunday to choose the next president between Hugo Chavez's chosen successor, ruling party candidate Nicolas Maduro, and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles.  (Ramon Espinosa, Associated Press) Chavista militants and government supporters wait for presidential election results outside the Miraflores Palace in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Venezuelans went to the polls Sunday to choose the next president between Hugo Chavez's chosen successor, ruling party candidate Nicolas Maduro, and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. (Ramon Espinosa, Associated Press)

"We can't continue to believe in messiahs," said Jose Romero, a 48-year-old industrial engineer who voted for Capriles in the central city of Valencia. "This country has learned a lot and today we know that one person can't fix everything."

In the Chavista stronghold of Petare outside Caracas, Maria Velasquez, 48, who works in a government soup kitchen that feeds 200 people, said she was voting for Chavez's man "because that is what my comandante ordered."

Reynaldo Ramos, a 60-year-old construction worker, said he "voted for Chavez" before correcting himself and saying he chose Maduro. But he could not seem to get his beloved leader out of his mind.

"We must always vote for Chavez because he always does what's best for the people and we're going to continue on this path," Ramos said. He said the government had helped him get work on the subway system and helps pay his grandchildren's school costs.

Polling station delegates start the counting of votes in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Venezuelans went to the polls Sunday to choose the next president between Hugo Chavez's chosen successor, ruling party candidate Nicolas Maduro, and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles.  (Fernando Llano, Associated Press) Polling station delegates start the counting of votes in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Venezuelans went to the polls Sunday to choose the next president between Hugo Chavez's chosen successor, ruling party candidate Nicolas Maduro, and opposition candidate Henrique Capriles. (Fernando Llano, Associated Press)

The governing United Socialist Party of Venezuela deployed a well-worn get-out-the-vote machine spearheaded by loyal state employees. It also enjoyed the backing of state media as part of its near-monopoly on institutional power.

Capriles' camp said Chavista loyalists in the judiciary put them at glaring disadvantage by slapping the campaign and broadcast media with fines and prosecutions that they called unwarranted. Only one opposition TV station remains and it was being sold to a new owner Monday.

At his campaign rallies, Capriles would read out a list of unfinished road, bridge and rail projects. Then he asked people what goods were scarce on store shelves.

Capriles, 40, showed Maduro none of the respect he earlier accorded Chavez. Maduro hit back hard, at one point calling Capriles' backers "heirs of Hitler." It was an odd accusation considering that Capriles is the grandson of Holocaust survivors from Poland.

A Venezuelan embassy worker holds a framed image of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez during the monthly Catholic service devoted to the sick at the Church of Our Lady of Regla, in Regla, across the bay from Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2013.  (Ramon Espinosa, Associated Press) A Venezuelan embassy worker holds a framed image of Venezuela's President Hugo Chavez during the monthly Catholic service devoted to the sick at the Church of Our Lady of Regla, in Regla, across the bay from Havana, Cuba, Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2013. (Ramon Espinosa, Associated Press)

The opposition contended Chavez looted the treasury last year to buy his re-election with government handouts. It also complained about the steady flow of cut-rate oil to Cuba, which Capriles said would end if he won.

Venezuela's $30 billion fiscal deficit is equal to about 10 percent of the country's gross domestic product.

Maduro, a former union activist and bus driver with close ties to Cuba's leaders, constantly alleged that Capriles was conspiring with U.S. putschists to destabilize Venezuela and even suggested Washington had infected Chavez with the cancer that killed him.

In his victory speech, he said he would be presenting on Monday nine men arrested in an alleged sabotage plot

He focused his campaign message on his mentor: "I am Chavez. We are all Chavez." And he promised to expand anti-poverty programs.

Maduro will face no end of hard choices.

Opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles greets supporters after voting in the presidential election outside a polling station in Caracas, Venezuela,  Sunday, April 14, 2013. Capriles is running for president against Nicolas Maduro, the hand picked successor of late President Hugo Chavez.  (Fernando Llano, Associated Press) Opposition presidential candidate Henrique Capriles greets supporters after voting in the presidential election outside a polling station in Caracas, Venezuela, Sunday, April 14, 2013. Capriles is running for president against Nicolas Maduro, the hand picked successor of late President Hugo Chavez. (Fernando Llano, Associated Press)

Many factories operate at half capacity because strict currency controls make it hard for them to pay for imported parts and materials. Business leaders say some companies verge on bankruptcy because they cannot extend lines of credit with foreign suppliers.

Chavez imposed currency controls a decade ago trying to stem capital flight as his government expropriated large land parcels and dozens of businesses. Now, dollars sell on the black market at three times the official exchange rate and Maduro has had to devalue Venezuela's currency, the bolivar, twice this year.

Meanwhile, consumers grumble that stores are short of milk, butter, corn flour and other staples. The government blames hoarding, while the opposition points at the price controls imposed by Chavez in an attempt to bring down double-digit inflation.

Associated Press writers Fabiola Sanchez, Jorge Rueda, E. Eduardo Castillo and Christopher Toothaker in Caracas and Vivian Sequera in Valencia contributed to this report. Alexandra Olson on Twitter: http://twitter.com/Alexolson99, Frank Bajak on Twitter: http://twitter.com/fbajak

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