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Yucatan — one of Mexico's safest spots — is full of Maya lore and wonder

Published: Tuesday, Sept. 1 2015 4:40 a.m. MDT

The Uxmal Archeological Zone is where tourists gather at the base of the Pyramid of the Magician. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) The Uxmal Archeological Zone is where tourists gather at the base of the Pyramid of the Magician. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

YUCATAN PENINSULA, Mexico (MCT) — What's the Mexican drug-war body count now? 47,000? Ever since the killings began to escalate in late 2006, I've been visiting the country less and choosing spots more carefully.

But the Yucatan Peninsula was an easy call. One of the safest and most rewarding places in Mexico these days is the same steamy, lizard-ridden Maya stomping ground where ritual sacrifice was once business as usual, where the alleged apocalypse — the end of the Maya calendar — is barely 50 shopping days away.

In May, I flew to Merida, Yucatan's capital, about 500 miles south of New Orleans. By noon on the first full day, I was clinging to the steeply pitched steps of the Great Temple of Uxmal, about 50 miles south of Merida, about 100 feet above ground, incalculably far from the 21st century.

Chichen Itza Archeological Zone is one of the best-known pyramids but is off limits for climbing. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) Chichen Itza Archeological Zone is one of the best-known pyramids but is off limits for climbing. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

From my perch at the temple's highest point, a horizon of green treetops spread before me, interrupted only by jutting stone marvels such as the Pyramid of the Magician, the Nunnery Quadrangle and the stately House of the Governor.

Uxmal is not Yucatan's marquee attraction. That would be the now-unclimbable pyramid at Chichen Itza about 120 miles east. But Yucatan is full of wonders that allow better access and draw smaller crowds than Chichen Itza. If you want a workout, a few subterranean thrills and a glimpse of what North American civilization looked like before and just after the Spaniards got here, it's a good place to start.

The Uxmal complex, younger than Egypt's best-known pyramids but older than Peru's Machu Picchu, was built more than a millennium ago. At its peak, it housed perhaps 25,000 Mayas.

Ruins at Coba, where a heavy rope helps the climb to the top of Nohoch Mul, a pyramid with 120 very steep steps. The view from the top is striking.  (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) Ruins at Coba, where a heavy rope helps the climb to the top of Nohoch Mul, a pyramid with 120 very steep steps. The view from the top is striking. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

Nowadays at Uxmal, there's a nighttime light show and a handful of hotels within walking distance. Like gift shops throughout Yucatan, the one at Uxmal is well-stocked with books suggesting that the Mayas predicted the end of the world for Dec. 21, 2012. And there's no denying the creepiness of the ruins' mascots: the iguanas, which race bowlegged across the grass, climbing ancient steps with eerie agility.

Lock eyes with an iguana long enough, and an apocalypse begins to seem inevitable. But then look away, and another ruin demands climbing. Or a set of stairs will lead you to a cool, blue cenote — sinkholes and water-filled underground caverns that are scattered all over the peninsula.

To give scenes like that my full attention, I didn't bother with Cancun, the tourist magnet 200 miles east, or the several Yucatan haciendas that have been converted into restaurants and luxury hotels. In fact, I never strayed more than 150 miles from Merida.

One of six kids in the Puc Canul family as we visited their home in Xocen, Yucatan, Mexico.  (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) One of six kids in the Puc Canul family as we visited their home in Xocen, Yucatan, Mexico. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

At Kabah, just down the road from Uxmal, hundreds of loose stones are laid out like laundry in need of sorting, and one long wall (known as the Codz Poop) is crowded with bug-eyed, long-nosed stone faces carved to honor the rain god Chac. At Labna, an ancient gate leads nowhere special but might be the most graceful, haunting Maya portal still standing.

At Ticul, I had hot chocolate. Not by choice, but because the EcoMuseo del Cacao, opened in 2011, includes a hot chocolate-making demonstration among its many exhibits. (There was also a human skeleton and some sentences about the Maya's ritual sacrifices.) The temperature must have been 95 degrees outside — which is why many people visit in winter. But the cook so graciously offered the steaming cup, I had to say yes.

Throughout these various sites, Mexico's most notorious 21st century peril — the drug war — seemed far away. And statistics suggest that it is.

Hotel Hacienda Merida, a modern hotel in the capital of the Yucatan. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) Hotel Hacienda Merida, a modern hotel in the capital of the Yucatan. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

In the Mexican newspaper Reforma's tally of drug-war killings, Yucatan logged just two such deaths in 2011 — the lowest figure among all 31 Mexican states. The U.S. State Department's most recent Travel Warning on Mexico (issued in February) bristles with border-state cautions and alarming numbers, including the 47,515 drug-war deaths nationwide as of September 2011. But the State Department's experts have reported no such troubles in Yucatan.

That peace of mind gave me the luxury of more daydreaming about the Mayas, who drew water from cenotes and sculpted their gods into decorative patterns on buildings. The Maya created a written language and left scores of manuscripts, most of which the Spanish burned. They devised epic ballgames that sometimes ended with the ritual sacrifice of a player. Aristocrats wore jade inlays in their teeth.

The Uxmal Archeological Zone features the Great Temple of Uxmal with its steep steps. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) The Uxmal Archeological Zone features the Great Temple of Uxmal with its steep steps. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

Their empire included the neighboring states of Campeche, Chiapas and Quintana Roo, along with parts of Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. Yet, centuries before the Spanish conquistadors got anywhere near here, their empire collapsed and the people scattered to small agricultural settlements.

As a result, few outsiders paid much attention to the Maya until the late 1830s and early 1840s, when explorers such as John L. Stephens and artist Frederick Catherwood spent long expeditions describing and sketching vine-strangled structures throughout the peninsula. Since then, Maya imagery has compelled all sorts of artists and designers, including Frank Lloyd Wright, who drew inspiration from Uxmal; Mel Gibson, who directed the movie "Apocalypto" in 2006; and the makers of the 2009 disaster film "2012." (For a more factual visual take on the contemporary Maya, check out the black-and-white photographs of Macduff Everton in 2012's "The Modern Maya" or the super-saturated color shots of Jeffrey Becom in "Maya Color," published in 1997.)

A pleasant setting for a meal at Hotel El Meson de Marques, Valladolid, Yucatan, Mexico. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) A pleasant setting for a meal at Hotel El Meson de Marques, Valladolid, Yucatan, Mexico. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

So why did the Maya fall? Deforestation, drought and wars against neighbors have been blamed. In his 2005 best-seller "Collapse," University of California, Los Angeles geography professor Jared Diamond cites "kings who sought to outdo each other with more and more impressive temples, covered with thicker and thicker plaster — reminiscent in turn of the extravagant conspicuous consumption by modern American CEOs."

Before things went south, the Maya astronomers calculated a long-term calendar and forecast that a 5,125-year era in human history would come to an end Dec. 21, 2012.

And then? Like so many fortunetellers and economists before and since, the Maya were vague on details.

For the 21st century doomsday industry, of course, this was perfect. Now we have books, movies, souvenirs and T-shirts tied to Dec. 21. Even though almost nobody believes it, the idea of extinction evidently sells. Mayaland Resorts was charging less than $200 a night at its lodges at Uxmal and Chichen Itza in May, but this December, the rates will reach $1,000 a night and beyond.

The Uxmal Archeological Zone features the Great Temple of Uxmal with its steep steps. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) The Uxmal Archeological Zone features the Great Temple of Uxmal with its steep steps. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

On my last full day in the country, I finally got to Chichen Itza, where the 12/21/12 hucksterism is at its most intense.

It was about 9 a.m. when I stepped up, well-ahead of the crowds, and paid separate entrance fees to the state and federal agencies eager to get their cut.

While I roamed, hundreds of vendors were setting up throughout the archaeological zone, playing radios, making faux jaguar roars on little ceramic kazoos and peddling shirts, hats, carvings, calendars, hammocks, dresses, jade jaguars, Cuban cigars and enough refrigerator magnets to drag Iron Man to his knees. Much of the merchandise was doomsday-based.

Guides told me they expected about 2,500 visitors on the day I was there, compared with 8,000 on busy days in December. About 40,000 came for this year's spring equinox, one guide told me, and many are hoping for 80,000 on Dec. 21.

X'Keke'n cenote in Dzitnup, outside Valladolid, Yucatan, Mexico features underground pools of cool blue water.  (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) X'Keke'n cenote in Dzitnup, outside Valladolid, Yucatan, Mexico features underground pools of cool blue water. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

The site's marquee attraction is the restored Temple of Kukulcan (aka El Castillo), and it's a sight to behold, a four-sided pyramid guarded by feathered serpents. In 2000 I climbed it, along with a few thousand others that day. But now you can't.

Local guides say climbing has been banned since Adeline Black, an 80-year-old visitor from San Diego, suffered a fatal fall while ascending the ruin in January 2006.

You also can't swim in Chichen Itza's Sacred Cenote. But as you stand at its lip and look down, remember that just last year scientists found bones here of six apparent human-sacrifice victims. Two were children. Estimated time of death: between 850 and 1250 AD.

So was it a perfect trip? Oh, no.

Merida's traffic drove me nuts and gave me plenty of time to scrawl "miserable city driving torture" in my notebook while creeping along at 2 mph. For the carless, the city's 16th century cathedral, its plaza loud with bird song, and the poc-chuc (grilled pork with citrus juice) at La Chaya Maya on Calle 62 are good fun. But if I had this trip to do again, I'd give Merida just one night.

The 13-year-old daughter of the Puc Canuls family, Helmi, made corn tortillas on a traditional stove, three rocks, a campfire and metal tray.  (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) The 13-year-old daughter of the Puc Canuls family, Helmi, made corn tortillas on a traditional stove, three rocks, a campfire and metal tray. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

I'd sleep instead in the countryside, perhaps at the Pickled Onion, a restaurant and B&B in Santa Elena (near Uxmal) that's run by an English expat named Valerie Pickles, or perhaps at one of the big hotels at Uxmal so I could walk to the ruins.

I'd also spend a few more nights in Valladolid, which has twice the charm and about 8 percent of the population of Merida. The Hotel El Meson del Marques on the plaza charges about $60 a night, and I had the most elegant meal of my visit at Taberna de los Frailes, a short walk away. While I ate, songs of worship seeped into the night from the neighboring Ex-Convento de San Bernardino de Siena.

For the record, I predict an uneventful Dec. 21. But if you get to Yucatan and you're lucky, the Maya past, present and future may flash before your eyes.

The Uxmal Archeological Zone that is thought to have housed 25,000 Mayas at its peak. Here an Iguana roams the Zone. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT) The Uxmal Archeological Zone that is thought to have housed 25,000 Mayas at its peak. Here an Iguana roams the Zone. (Christopher Reynolds, MCT)

More information

Mexico tourism: www.visitmexico.com.

Yucatán tourism: www.yucatan.travel/en.

Mérida tourism: www.merida.gob.mx/turismo/index_in.htm

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