Police officer suicide needs to be addressed, not hidden, officials say
Jordan Allred, Deseret News
SALT LAKE CITY — Brave. Strong. Courageous.
They are words typically used when describing Utah's men and women in blue. Not words like scared, depressed and sad.
"Because we're the warriors. Warriors don't talk about things like mental health. It's not something our culture is open to," said Salt Lake Police Sgt. Lisa Pascadlo.
On Tuesday, Tooele County sheriff's deputy Steve Hansen, 37, took his own life in his home. He is survived by a wife and six children.
In March, West Valley police officer Michael Valdes went missing for two days before his body was found in his car near Green River, Wyo. He died from a single, self-inflicted gunshot wound.
"As a department, obviously we were very much affected by the suicide of one of our own, Mike Valdes. He was a very well-respected officer, very well-liked. And that had a pretty significant impact on a lot of people in our department," said West Valley Deputy Police Chief Mike Powell.
But what is sometimes forgotten, Pascadlo said, is officers are like everybody else when they go home. "We're all human beings." And like all humans, police officers sometimes deal with depression, psychological scars — and sometimes even thoughts of suicide.
"We have emotions. We have feelings," added Powell.
But both Powell and Pascadlo believe police suicide, and suicide in general, is a topic that isn't discussed enough, both among officers and in the general public.
"I think suicide just has such a dark connotation that a lot of professions and people in general just won't talk about it," Pascadlo said.
In August, the International Journal of Emergency Mental Health published a study of police suicides, compiled by the group Badge of Life. The study found that 126 officers nationwide committed suicide in 2012. It was the first drop in the annual number of suicides since 2008.
But the rate of officers committing suicide is still above the national average, according to the study. In 2008, 141 officer suicides were recorded, or about 17 per 100,000. The rate for the general public was 11 per 100,000, according to the report.
"Two to three times as many officers commit suicide than are killed by the guns of felons," according to Badge of Life, a group comprising active and retired police officers, medical professionals and the families of officers who have committed suicide.
The website www.officer.com reacted to the study by publishing: "The bad news is it didn’t drop enough; 126 law enforcement officers committed suicide last year. Additionally, in 2012, 129 officers 'died in the line on duty.' This is sad folks. Way too many officers are dying. And even worse, cops are killing themselves at the same rate as they do in the line of duty."
Nationwide, there are an average of 125 to 150 suicides by officers every year, according to the group. But the group also recognizes that not all officer suicides are reported or classified as a suicide. Some cases are simply classified as "accidents," the report states.
John Violanti, a former New York state trooper who researches officer suicides as a professor at the State University of New York at Buffalo, told the Oakland, Calif., Tribune in September: "Police officers are about 69 percent more likely than the general population to take their own lives."
Oakland officials called for more to be done to help officers following the suicides of two of their officers in less than two months.
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