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National museum tells about The War to End All Wars

By Michael Schuman

For the Deseret News

Published: Saturday, Nov. 9 2013 3:30 p.m. MST

This is another scene from introductory multimedia presentation at the National World War I Museum in Kansas City.

Talbott L. Wilson

A damaged war machine, officially known as a Renault FT-17 tank and commonly used by American forces during World War I, rests in retirement on a museum floor, still nursing its permanent wound in the shape of a gaping hole. A posted marker indicates that a German 77-millimeter artillery piece, like one nearby, was responsible.

Visitors walk through a man-made crater, standing where a French farmhouse would have been had it not been struck by a 17-inch howitzer shell.

One can peer into re-created trenches, the sights accompanied by sounds of bullets flying and soldiers tramping through mud.

Iconic Uncle Sam glares from a war poster admonishing, "I want you for U.S. Army."

This was World War I, and this is the National World War I Museum in Kansas City, Mo., opened to the public in 2006. In some ways, World War I, which was fought between 1914 and 1918, has become the forgotten war for Americans. Some confuse it with World War II. A few years back, a nationally known reporter asked a brigadier general visiting the museum, "Did you fight in World War I?"

It's not all ancient history. Metaphorically, the world was fighting World War I as recently as the 1990s. The Balkan civil wars of the mid-1990s could be viewed as an extension of the war.

But most people know little about the war once known as The Great War and The War to End All Wars. The fighting on the Western Front ended on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918 — the day we now celebrate as Veterans Day, once known as Armistice Day. Museum senior curator Doran Cart said, "A lot of people know so much about World War II but nothing about World War I. The museum starts at the ground and builds the story for them."

One enters the complex by crossing a re-created Western front poppy field, reminiscent of the famed John McCrae poem, "In Flanders Field." Each of the 9,000 poppies represents 1,000 dead combatants. The actual museum is divided into two sections — one covering the years 1914-1917, before the United States entered the war, and the other delving into the period in which the United States took an active role in the fighting, 1917-1918.

Why was it fought? An enigmatic statement spoken by a narrator begins an introductory film: "No one can say precisely why it happened — which may be, in the end, the best explanation for why it did."

The war had a multitude of causes: social unrest, nationalism, ethnic pride, longstanding alliances naively meant to maintain a balance of power, and the match that lit the powder keg: the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the empire of Austria-Hungary, by a young Bosnian Serb named Gavrilo Princip. The introductory video ends with the sounds of two gunshots, and a declaration that within one month after the assassination, seven European nations were at war with one another.

The details are told through an extensive timeline, the mass of which may seem intimidating. Then again, perusing the timeline is the only way to uncover such little known gems as the following from 1916: Future author "J.R.R. Tolkien takes part in the Battle of the Somme. Tolkien's first experience on the front comes on a Friday, July 14, with an unsuccessful attack on the village of Ovillers. His unit is later relieved after days of fighting."

As at most modern museums, interactive exhibits engage visitors on personal and creative levels. You can use a light pen to design your own patriotic — or propaganda — poster, then email it home, or determine the uses of camouflage.

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