Public may vote on eliminating tax exemption to fund schools
Bill would give $400M to schools but at expense of big families
Tom Smart, Deseret News
SALT LAKE CITY — Utahns may be asked to vote "yea" or "nay" on giving up a ubiquitous state income tax exemption to fund public schools if a bill fails to gain the support of lawmakers.
Sen. Pat Jones, D-Holladay, presented her bill on Wednesday to members of the Education Interim Committee. Several lawmakers expressed tentative support of the proposal, but comments were also shared that the bill faces an uphill battle in the tax-averse Utah Legislature.
Jones' proposal would raise roughly $400 million in annual funding that would be distributed at the school level under the discretion of local community councils. But that money would come at the expense of a tax exemption that primarily benefits large families.
Sen. Howard Stephenson, R-Draper, said it's appropriate to discuss the current funding system in the state, which sees families with the most children in public schools paying the lowest taxes toward the education of those children. But he said the elephant in the room is the bill's hefty $400 million price tag, which effectively constitutes a tax increase.
"I think that is really the thing that has kept the bill from passing each time it has come forward, the size of the fiscal note," he said.
Stephenson said it is unlikely that a majority of lawmakers in both the House and Senate would support the bill. But he suggested a nonbinding referendum be forwarded to gauge the public's support of the issue, similar to what was done in the lead-up to Utah's hosting of the 2002 Winter Olympic Games.
Jones said she plans to run a bill calling for a nonbinding public vote during the upcoming legislative session. Should her tax reform bill prove unsuccessful, but enough lawmakers support the nonbinding referendum, an opinion question on ending the tax exemption to fund schools would be placed on the November 2014 ballot, allowing lawmakers to take up the issue again during the 2015 legislative session.
"I feel quite confident that the public will be supportive of it if they know the money will end up in schools," she said.
Rep. Francis Gibson, R-Mapleton, spoke in favor of a nonbinding referendum. He said he hoped the people of Utah would turn out to vote their opinion so that their 104 elected lawmakers could act on the issue with confidence rather than fear of losing re-election.
He also expressed frustration toward the attitude of some Utahns who oppose tax increases while criticizing lawmakers for failing to adequately fund schools.
Currently, per-pupil funding in Utah is the lowest in the nation.
"I want this discussion, I’m tired of arguing about feral cats," Gibson said. "I want the citizens of Utah to either put up or be quiet when it comes to funding education."
Jones said the extra funding would help schools lower class sizes and hire teacher aides to give one-on-one instruction to students. She said an investment in schools is necessary to achieve the state's goals of higher student proficiency, graduation rates and degree attainment.
She also said the Office of the Legislative Fiscal Analyst estimates 6,000 jobs would be created throughout all areas of the state by the bill.
Her presentation came one day after a report was released by the Alliance for Excellent Education showing that raising Utah's graduation rate to 90 percent for a single year would boost the state's economy by as much as $55 million.
But several lawmakers also expressed opposition, or mixed support, of the idea of ending the tax exemption. Sen. Stuart Reid, R-Ogden, said he could support the bill if some level of direction was given to local schools concerning how the money would be spent.
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