Jeffrey D. Allred, Deseret News
SALT LAKE CITY — Beckie Clarkson has been delaying necessary health care for years because she can't afford it.
The 16-year breast cancer survivor needs diagnostic testing to determine whether she could benefit from additional treatment that might extend her life, but her current insurance plan doesn't cover it.
"I've been on a lousy, expensive policy that literally pays nothing," Clarkson said, adding that she's been haunted by the words "pre-existing condition" ever since the day she was diagnosed.
That all changed on Tuesday, as the federal government opened shop with its health insurance marketplace, available at www.healthcare.gov.
Pre-existing conditions, along with minimum mandatory essential benefits, no lifetime caps on spending, and similar rates for men and women, are all facets of the Affordable Care Act, which created the marketplace and will essentially help hundreds of thousands of currently uninsured Americans obtain affordable health insurance.
Clarkson, of Ogden, was one of the first in line at a community outreach event on Tuesday to get information about and sign up for one of the newly available plans. And come Jan. 1, when benefits go into effect, she intends to use it.
"These ongoing issues will finally get some attention," she said.
Clarkson's daughter, Angie Welling, who has worked as a spokeswoman for Republican Utah Gov. Gary Herbert, wrote a letter to Congress urging bipartisan acceptance of the Affordable Care Act to help her mother gain coverage through its marketplace.
The marketplace stands to impact Americans who have lost a job or work part-time and are uninsured, who are self-employed or work for a business that does not offer options for health insurance. It also will impact young or old people who have, for one reason or another, decided not to have insurance.
"It is for those whom insurance has otherwise been out of reach," said Jason Stevenson, education and communications director for the Utah Health Policy Project.
It screens applicants for Medicaid eligibility and puts nearly 100 different plans, in four categories — bronze, silver, gold and platinum — at the fingertips of people in need of more affordable health care.
Each plan offers different physician networks, benefits and cost, among other things. A premium subsidy, or tax credit, is offered to low-income Americans to assist with the costs of health care, which, according to the law will be mandatory beginning in 2014.
Individuals who do not maintain coverage will be charged a fee, to be assessed with annual income taxes.
A number of tools, including trained navigators and certified application counselors, as well as other experts, Stevenson said, are available to help Utahns find a plan that is right for them.
For the 15 percent of Utahns looking to get insurance through the marketplace, he said individuals should gather their financial and previous insurance information and delve into the frequently asked questions available on the government website. He said local insurance brokers and companies have also diced together information on the Affordable Care Act to help Utahns wade through potentially complicated information.
Nancy Walker, of Salt Lake, is weighing her options for health insurance — some she hasn't had until now.
For more than a decade, Walker has only had access to a survivor benefit through her late husband's employer, for which she pays $450 a month to insure herself and a daughter who is blind.
She might keep the plan she has for herself, but shop the marketplace for a less expensive plan for her daughter. Any money Walker saves, she said, might be spent on "unimportant things," such as travel through the United States.
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