Ravell Call, Deseret News
SALT LAKE CITY — School performance scores from the Utah Comprehensive Accountability System are up compared to last year, according to data released Monday by the Utah State Office of Education.
The median score for elementary and junior high schools increased from 428 to 434 points, and the median score for high schools jumped nine points from 408 to 417. Scores are taken out of a total of 600 points based on student performance on criterion-referenced testing as well as graduation rates at the high school level.
"This year’s UCAS scores help to confirm trends we saw earlier this year with our ACT and AP scores," State Superintendent of Public Instruction Martell Menlove said in a prepared statement. "Utah’s public schools are improving.”
The accountability system is in its second year of releasing school performance data, but with the Legislature turning its attention to a new school grading system, it is unclear how long, or in what form, the Utah Comprehensive Accountability System will continue.
School grades were released on Sept. 3 and drew vocal criticism from members of the education community, who worried that basing the grades on a single test event painted too narrow a picture of school performance considering the stigma attached to a grade of C, D or F.
In contrast, scores from the comprehensive accountability system do not assign a letter grade but instead give a point total that can be compared to state averages and historical performance.
Individual reports for all Utah public schools, including both school grading and accountability system information, can be found on the State Office of Education website.
Judy Park, associate state superintendent, said that with two years of data under the accountability system, parents and educators are already able to make comparisons of a school's annual performance. She said the increase in median scores since 2012 shows that schools are improving and she expects the Utah Comprehensive Accountability System to continue.
She also said that while letter grades are easy to understand, that simplicity comes at the expense of specificity as a school's performance improves or worsens from year to year.
"Using the points, you can really see there’s improvement that may not show up in a larger designation," Park said. "They could go from 300 to 350 (points) and still be within the same letter grade, but that’s a huge improvement for a school."
The methodology behind the accountability system is also different than the calculation method behind school grades, making it possible for an individual school to score well in one system and poorly in the other.
High school students at Ogden's DaVinci Academy earned a D from the school grading system but scored 421 points under the accountability system. That score places DaVinci above the state median and would represent a B grade if the same grade breakdowns were applied to the accountability scores.
Several other D schools received the statistical equivalent of a C grade under the accountability system, including Granite Park Junior High, Plymouth Elementary School, Whitehorse High School, Hillsdale Elementary School and the C.S. Lewis Academy.
Schools that failed to test 95 percent of their students were given a score of zero under the accountability system. The same schools — including West, Viewmont and Ben Lomond high schools — were similarly punished with an automatic F grade under school grading.
The automatic F has been criticized by lawmakers, including Senate President Wayne Niederhauser who described it as "draconian" and suggested the minimum participation rule be changed to drop a school's grade by a single letter. John Jesse, director of assessments for the State Office of Education, said he would not be surprised if the automatic zero score is similarly discussed and tweaked by education officials.
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