The eventual quality of life for migrants may have as much to do with the type of economy they’re emigrating from as the fiscal health of their destination, according to the World Migration Report 2013 that was released Friday.
Produced by the International Organization of Migration and based on data obtained by the Gallup World Poll during 2009-11, the World Migration Report classifies migrant outcomes based on the types of economy they both leave and immigrate into.
“Traditionally, migration reports and policy discussions about the contribution of migration to development focus on movements from low-/middle-income countries to more affluent ones (such as from the Philippines to the United States),” the World Migration Report’s overview explained. “Taking a more inclusive approach, this report sets out to explore whether variations in the origin and destination of migrants can produce different outcomes for those concerned .
“(This report) examines what migrants have gained and lost through migration, comparing the well-being of migrants who have lived in a destination country for at least five years with estimates of what their lives might have been like had they stayed at home.”
The Guardian’s Claire Provost reported Friday, “Migrants moving from one rich country to another — the U.K. to Canada, for instance — reported the highest levels of life satisfaction, financial security, personal safety, and health .
“The report also looked at the experiences of the small but growing number of people who move from rich countries to developing countries, including those migrating from the U.S. to Mexico, Germany to Turkey, and Portugal to Brazil. These people generally find themselves relatively better off financially but with fewer social contacts.”
Relying on data that appears in the World Migration Report 2013, Gallup issued a summary Wednesday that said, “Regardless of where they come from or where they go, new migrants are more likely to struggle to afford food and shelter than the native-born in the countries they move to. Those who migrated to high-income economies struggle less the longer they stay, but this is not always true for migrants who move to middle- to low-income economies.”
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