Jenet Jacob Erickson: Love as the foundation of effective mothering

Published: Thursday, May 9 2013 12:05 a.m. MDT

Mothers are bombarded with contradictory “expert” advice on everything from how to get children to sleep, to how to coach them through emotions. But motherhood’s unparalleled source of real influence is the power of her love.

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I once heard a very committed mother of young children say she had started a fund to cover the cost of the psychological counseling her children were sure to need because of her failures as a mother. When she said it, a knowing, nervous laugh erupted among the group of mothers present — as if they had all accepted a reality that their children’s future challenges would be blamed on their imperfections as mothers.

It’s not hard to see why mothers might feel that way. Mothers are bombarded with contradictory “expert” advice on everything from how to get children to sleep and eat right, to how to coach them through emotions while disciplining them. In an “intensive mothering” culture that stresses the emotional fragility of children, it is tempting to feel that children’s challenges could have all been prevented if we as mothers had just followed the recommended “best practices.”

But focusing on how to perfectly implement all the best, expert-defined practices of motherhood can blind us to the real source of motherhood’s unparalleled influence — the power of her love.

After two decades of careful research on multiple factors in children’s development, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development concluded that maternal sensitivity — expressed in responsive, loving interactions — is the strongest and most consistent predictor of a child’s development, even when a mother is not able to be with her child for large chunks of the day.

As they concluded, the significant influence of mothers is not realized in perfectly orchestrated enrichment activities for children, but in a million small acts of care and responsiveness. When all is said and done, it really is through the hundreds of diaper changes, baths, nose wipes, late night conversations, car rides, meals and questions about feelings and friends that her love becomes a powerful source of influence.

Scholars have consistently confirmed that reality. A century ago, attachment scholar, John Bowlby, found that the bond created through the innumerable caring interactions between a mother and child is the critical foundation for social-emotional development. Neurologist Alan Schore’s observations of brain development show that without even knowing it, mothers have a unique ability to provide the optimal “bits” of loving interaction that allow a child to understand emotions and relationships. And feminist scholar Sara Ruddick identified a mother’s “attentive love” as the core of effective parenting. Through the “patient eye of love,” mothers develop a special knowledge of their children — a knowledge that gives them unique insight into what the truly “best practices” for each child should be.

We have all witnessed the power of this maternal love — love that enables the mother of a child with a heart defect to hold and calm the child all night, though her arms shake from the burden; love that enables a mother to talk and listen to a teenager’s social struggles for long hours night after night; love that enables a mother to courageously study for ways to help a child with autism then continue hopefully through years of efforts to implement them; love that enables a mother struggling with addictions to overcome them in order to make a better life for her child; love that carries a mother to her knees praying for a child long grown who she knows in her heart is struggling perhaps somewhere far away; and on and on and on.

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