Part-time America gets push from health care law

Published: Friday, April 26 2013 11:35 p.m. MDT

“We’ve been a little more pragmatic since the election,” Haller said. “It’s the reality. It’s the law of the land.” He said IFA’s focus is “tweaking the law around the edges” both in Congress and in regulatory rule making.

49ers and 29ers

With the clock ticking on the “look back” year, many small business owners remain confused about what will be demanded of them, said Kevin Kuhlman, manager of legislative affairs for the National Federation of Independent Businesses.

Last week Kuhlman spoke with a homebuilder in Arizona who thought he would fall below the 50 employee threshold because half of his 65 employees were on a spouse’s health plan. That’s not how the rule works, Kuhlman explained.

The majority of NFIB’s members have fewer than 49 employees, Kuhlman said. These employers can avoid the health care requirement by keeping headcount low. Those above that mark, he said, are already looking at cutting part-time hours to hold them to 29 hours per week.

“People are telling us that this is what they are doing,” Kuhlman said. “It’s not what they want to do. But they say this is probably what’s going to happen.”

The downward pressure on both headcount and hours is particularly problematic for franchise owners. Almost all franchise owners aspire to own multiple locations, Haller said, and the business model really doesn’t make sense otherwise. But multiple franchise locations now become an instant trigger for unsustainable health care costs, according to Haller, because the 49-employee rule encompasses all of a company’s holdings.

Municipal blues

It’s not just private businesses that are squeezing part-time hours. Cedar Falls, Iowa, with a population of just less than 40,000, is not all that much larger than some small businesses. The city had 59 part-time employees on its books, each previously limited to 32 hours a week. Even before the Affordable Care Act, in other words, Cedar Falls was saving health care costs by limiting full-time employment.

In response to the ACA, however, Cedar Falls has imposed a weekly quota of 29 hours on these employees, mostly clerical, janitorial and maintenance workers.

The alternative was to lay off 25-30 employees, said Cedar Falls Administrative Services Director Richard McAlister.

“We thought that would be inhumane,” McAlister said, noting that the cost of providing health care to all 59 would have been $855,000 a year.

The impact on city services is less dramatic than the impact on the individual worker, McAlister said, because the worker's take-home pay suffers a significant hit with the new restrictions.

McAlister has been in close contact with other Iowa cities and notes that, although Cedar Falls was an early mover, “some of them have quietly initiated the same type of thing.” Some cities are in a quandary, he said, because they had previously provided prorated health benefits to temporary workers. Under the new law, that will not be allowed.

McAlister said Cedar Falls has received a little push back after its decision. “We had a little bit of push back, but I would say 80 to 90 percent was positive. You are doing the right thing. This is a business decision. You are trying to keep people employed.”

McAlister said he also got feedback from the private sector, including a lot of restaurants.

“They told us they were doing the same thing,” he said. “I think it takes some of the heat off of them. They can say even the city is doing this.”

“Frankly, I would have preferred that we not be as high profile as we were,” McAlister said. “You like to be able to do these kind of personal things quietly. But in the end, it was probably good that we got the message out. It does allow people to plan what they do into the future.”

Eric Schulzke writes on national politics for the Deseret News. He can be contacted at eschulzke@desnews.com.

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