Cliff Owen, ASSOCIATED PRESS
In the Thursday confirmation hearing before the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in Washington, D.C., Jewell said industry deserves "certainty and stability" in rules that govern natural resource extraction and promised to expedite the federal permitting process for new development.
"Businesses need certainty," she said. "They don't mind playing by the rules, but they need to know what the rules are."
The Washington state resident and president of the colossal recreation company REI was questioned for nearly three hours by the Senate panel on her views related to public land issues.
Jewell, a former petroleum engineer, told committee members she had "fracked" a natural gas well during her work in the field and committed that the federal government would be open to a "states' first" approach on rules governing hydraulic fracturing of oil and gas from the ground.
When pressed by a senator if she would move the country away from fossil fuel development and to renewables and sustainable energy, Jewell simply said she favored an "all of the above" strategy promoted by President Barack Obama.
She also assured Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah, that she and the Obama administration would not pursue new monument designations without local input — something that has stung particularly in Utah with the 1996 creation of the Grand Staircase-Escalante Monument by then-President Bill Clinton.
"We will get multiple stakeholders around the table to discuss the monument designation question," should that become an issue in a particular state, she said.
It was plain the senators peppering Jewell with questions all have had pressing issues in their home states stemming from the management practices at the U.S. Department of the Interior — and few of them good.
"Eighty–seven percent of Nevada is owned by the federal government," said Sen. Dean Heller, R-Nevada. "When the Interior sneezes, we feel an earthquake in Nevada."
Sen. James Risch, R-Idaho, said the agency has fallen flat in its efforts to help Western states solve the management and conservation challenges posed by the greater sage grouse, which the federal government said warrants protection under the Endangered Species Act.
Idaho, like Utah and other Western states, has been working to put in conservation measures to protect the bird to preclude such a listing.
"(Interior Secretary Ken Salazar) promised the Western governors that if they got together and came up with individual management plans, the Bureau of Land Management would carve those states out of the national management plan," Risch said. "The states want to do this. … It may come as a shock to the federal government, but we an do this."
Lee also asked Jewell, if she secures the nomination, to be mindful of the devastating consequences to San Juan County of a new proposal to set aside critical habitat for the Gunnison sage grouse.
"Ninety percent of the land is owned by the federal government," he said. "When you add on top of that the federal restrictions imposed by an ESA-proposed listing of the Gunnison sage grouse, that has a huge, huge impact on these local residents. Please be sensitive to these local communities."
Jewell was grilled by several of the committee members, particularly Sen. John Barrasso, R-Wyoming, for her affiliation with the National Parks Conservation Association as a member of its board.
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