SALT LAKE CITY — Nearly two years ago, a federal judge determined the state seizure of assets belonging to a Utah-based polygamous sect was not only unconstitutional, but a "virtual takeover."
But Monday, the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver ruled that U.S. District Judge Dee Benson really shouldn't have looked at the case involving the Fundamentalist LDS Church Association at all.
The Utah Supreme Court had previously ruled that the FLDS waited too long to take legal action. Because of that, the appellate court ruled Monday that the FLDS Association "is precluded from pursuing its claims in federal court."
The ruling clears the way for state authorities to break up the trust and sell vacant land, and sell or distribute homes and businesses in the border towns of Hildale, Utah, and Colorado City, Ariz. Officials hope to distribute the assets to residents without considering their religious affiliation.
Mary Beck Briscoe, chief judge of the 10th Circuit, sent the case back to Benson with instructions to vacate a preliminary injunction that would have returned the trust to the FLDS and dismiss the claim regarding the trust altogether. The ruling ends a deadlock between state and federal courts, allows state-appointed special fiduciary Bruce Wisan to again administer the trust and frees up assets that could pay Wisan — who is owed more than $5.6 million — and others charged with administering the trust.
"It's been very frustrating and this will relieve a lot of the frustration," Wisan said of the ruling Monday.
"We are all very happy with this decision," Wisan's attorney, Jeffrey L. Shields, said, referring to the states of Utah and Arizona, Wisan and other trust administrators, and 3rd District Judge Denise Lindberg, who presides over legal issues involving the trust. "Everybody but the FLDS appealed Judge Benson's preliminary injunction to turn the keys of the trust over to Warren Jeffs and we've won that appeal now."
FLDS attorney Rod Parker did not return calls for comment Monday.
The United Effort Plan was created by the FLDS Church in 1942 on the concept of a "united order," allowing followers to share in its assets. Utah's state courts seized control of the FLDS trust in 2005, amid allegations of mismanagement by church leaders, including Warren Jeffs, the head of the church who is currently in prison in Texas.
Members consider sharing its assets a religious principle and see state intervention in the trust as a violation of their religious rights. They have long been challenging the state takeover of the trust in both state and federal courts.
Valued at more than $110 million, the trust holds most of the property and homes in the two border towns. The church also holds property in Bountiful, British Columbia, and Eldorado, Texas.
In 2009, Lindberg ruled that a liquidity crisis of the UEP trust made selling trust property necessary. The trust has around $3 million in debt and no steady source of revenue. The FLDS Church appealed the ruling to the Utah Supreme Court.
In August 2010, the state's high court found that the pending state lawsuit, which was filed in 2008 and challenged the administration of the trust, came too late.
Meanwhile, in a separate federal court action, Benson issued his ruling finding the state's actions unconstitutional and he implemented an injunction ordering that the church's assets be returned to FLDS leaders and prohibiting any further action by the state-appointed special fiduciary when it came to management of the trust.
The issue was then appealed to the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals, which issued an injunction, freezing all trust assets until the legal issues could be settled. That court asked the Utah Supreme Court to clarify whether its ruling that the UEP lawsuit was too late barred any subsequent lawsuits stemming from the same argument in any court.
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