Interestingly, the LDS missionary program was already going through a period of growth and change. According to Elder Holland, the church's current missionary force is "a little more than 58,000" – a number that has been growing during recent years.
"Two years ago President Monson made an appeal for more missionaries," Elder Holland said. "Since that time we have seen a rather spectacular increase across the board. We're up 6 percent for our young elders, 12 percent for sisters and 18 percent for couples."
But, he added, "we don't have any guess" on how many additional missionaries will be entering the mission field as a result of the age changes.
"We just know we're going to have to handle more," Elder Holland said. And handling more "will require some changes to how we administer the missionary program."
Specifically, he said that "time spent in training at the MTC will be reduced by one-third," and that all of the church's 15 missionary training centers will hire new instructors and staff. While he didn't anticipate the construction of new missionary training centers, he said "we will continue to pursue the construction of additional facilities" at the existing MTC's – with the exception of the nine-story building that was planned for the Provo, Utah, MTC, the plans for which were recently scrapped.
Elder Holland also noted "a recently implemented 12-week training course for new missionaries as they arrive in the mission field," as well as language immersion for those called to non-English-speaking missions, both of which are "already benefiting missionaries."
"We've gotten to be reasonably good at training missionaries," he said, understating a widely recognized fact.
The church is also already "reasonably good" at working with 18-year-old missionaries.
"We've had much experience with 18-year-old missionaries," Elder Nelson said, indicating that in 48 nations the church has already been allowing young men to serve at age 18 because of educational and/or military requirements.
"Our experience with these 18-year-old missionaries has been positive," President Monson said in making the announcement. "Their mission presidents report that they are obedient, faithful, mature, and serve just as competently as do the older missionaries who serve in the same missions. Their faithfulness, obedience and maturity have caused us to desire the same option of earlier missionary calls for all young men, regardless of the country from which they come."
But the biggest change in missionary preparation is going to have to come from the prospective missionaries themselves, Elder Holland said.
"Prospective missionaries will be asked to enhance and improve and take more seriously their pre-mission preparation," he said, including "total personal worthiness" and gospel study – specifically of the scriptures and the church's missionary manual, "Preach My Gospel" – in explaining the kind of pre-mission preparation that would be needed.
"Improved preparation of the missionary before entering the MTC will allow us to accommodate a larger number of missionaries going into the future," Elder Holland said.
Speaking directly to prospective missionaries who were watching the press conference via Internet broadcast, Elder Holland said, "This announcement isn't about you. It's about the sweet and pure message you are called to bear."
"You must prepare with personal worthiness and gospel knowledge," he continued. "We want you teaching effectively from the first day onward."
To the parents of prospective missionaries he added: "We ask parents to take a strong hand in this preparation. Don't expect that it is the responsibility of the church and the MTC and the seminary program to prepare your children for missionary service. You are a critical part of this process."
Once the church has some idea of how much the ranks of full-time missionaries are going to be expanded by the new age requirements, it is open to the possibility of creating new missions in which they can serve.
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