Kamran Jebreili, Associated Press
DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Just days before Christmas, Ben Elliott-Scott was busy touching up the paint on a foam snowman and blasting trees with manmade flurries to turn them a wintery white. Santa was due to arrive soon, along with dozens of party guests at the exclusive villa nestled alongside a Dubai golf course.
His company, Desert Snow, specializes in artificial snow like that used on movie sets. He has several more jobs to finish before the holiday rolls around at wealthy homes across the city, many owned by members of its large and diverse expatriate population.
"It is very much our busiest time of year," the Briton said. "Christmas is taken almost more seriously in Dubai than it is at home. There are as many local families taking the pictures in front of the trees as expats."
The Middle East's brashest city is increasingly embracing the trappings of Christmas in a way that would be unthinkable in more conservative parts of the Muslim world. Christmas trees adorn shopping centers and residential neighborhoods, and high-end hotels try to outdo one another with extravagant and boozy holiday dinners.
An outdoor Christmas festival now in its second year broke its own attendance record by wooing more than 27,000 visitors over three days with caroling children's choirs, gingerbread houses and a snow fight zone.
Santa Claus is on hand to hear wishes in at least three Dubai malls, naturally including the one housing an indoor ski slope and its contingent of snow penguins. The dearth of chimneys in the sheikdom does not seem to be a problem.
It is in many ways a reflection of Dubai's emergence as a cosmopolitan, commercially minded crossroads in a region often associated with intolerance and upheaval. The city last month became the first in the Middle East to win the right to host the World Expo with a bid that emphasized its connections to the wider world.
"Dubai has taken itself one step forward to being a visibly global city. As a global city, you expect these things to happen here," said Abdulkhaleq Abdulla, professor of political science at Emirates University. "We've chosen this role. We have to get used to it."
While celebrations of Christmas have been growing in the United Arab Emirates city for several years, Dubai nonetheless retains its Islamic identity.
The call to prayer reverberates five times a day from the city's numerous mosques, and modest dress and behavior is expected from locals and foreigners alike. The local population, outnumbered more than four to one by foreign residents, prizes its traditional values.
That includes prohibitions on immodest behavior and public intoxication that have gotten several foreigners in legal trouble in recent years.
Still, the emirate's embrace of at least the more commercial aspects of Christmas stands out in the conservative Gulf. Neighboring Saudi Arabia's strict interpretation of Islam bans celebrations of the holiday. Kuwaiti lawmakers have criticized modest Christmas celebrations in that oil-rich country.
David Mitchell, an English engineer working in the Omani capital Muscat, traveled with his family to Dubai just to visit the Christmas festival earlier this month.
"There's nothing like this in Oman," he said while waiting in line to take his 2 ½-year old son, Isaac, to meet Santa. "They appreciate the Christmas spirit" in Dubai, he added.
There has been little public outcry over the increasing prominence of the holiday in the Emirates, where authorities are quick to stamp out displays of public dissent and citizens rarely air their grievances in public.
Ismail al-Issawi, a professor of Islam at the University of Sharjah, just outside Dubai, said politics and economics play a role.
"Dubai now has become an international center with all kinds of religions. So it is up to them to make it possible for the various religions to have their holidays," he said.
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