Egypt: Fears replace Christians' high expectations

By Hamza Hendawi

Associated Press

Published: Saturday, Nov. 16 2013 12:00 a.m. MST

Another activist, Ebram Louis, noted how authorities quickly repaired Cairo's Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, which was damaged when security forces violently broke up a pro-Morsi sit-in there in mid-August, killing hundreds of his supporters. In contrast, none of the churches damaged in attacks the same month have been repaired despite promises by the military, he said.

Safwat el-Bayadi, head of the Anglican church in Egypt and one of three Christians on the panel amending the constitution, said, "The only gains we are looking for is equality in the rights and duties for all."

"We do not accept the division of rights according to religious affiliation even if that works for our benefit," he told The Associated Press.

A senior church leader known to be close to Tawadros aired his fears over the future of Christians in post-Morsi Egypt in an interview with the AP. The cleric spoke on condition of anonymity to describe the internal and confidential discussions of the church's leadership.

He complained that nothing has been done to repair damaged churches or to stem rising kidnappings.

"It is time that the issues of the Christians are not diluted or cast aside," he said, adding that the constitution must enshrine a "civil and democratic state and a clear and straight line separating state from religion."

Church leaders say they observed the cancellation of the festival at Mar Girgis to help the military-backed government to restore security. But it fuels Christians' bitter perception that they are pushed to make concessions. For example, Tawadros canceled celebrations marking his enthronement a year ago. Churches across much of the country have canceled social activities for security reasons.

Father Arsenious, head of the Mar Girgis Monastery, said security officials told the church that even if they deployed a large number of police they could not guarantee the festival's safety. "It's better to cancel it this year, rather than allow a tragedy to take place," he said.

The annual pilgrimage to the walled monastery in the deserts of southern Egypt overlooking the Nile, 400 miles (660 kilometers) south of Cairo, is a festival of faith, a time to pay homage to the 3rd century saint who is one of their most revered figures. It is also an opportunity for Christians to celebrate their identity in an atmosphere free from discrimination.

"It is an occasion where Christians feel free and behave without inhibitions," the 64-year-old Arsenious said. "It is like they are exercising all their rituals and chanting their slogans without a worry about the consequences."

During last year's festival, men and women flaunted the cross tattoos on the inside of their wrists, which they normally keep discreet. Men showed off more elaborate tattoos of favorite saints on their arms. Tens of thousands lived in a tent city outside the monastery's walls as hymns blared out of speakers and special envoys from the pope headed ceremonies and Mass.

The monastery put up a notice saying it would be closed to visits during the time of the festival — which was to have begun on Monday — and word spread through churches and social media. Still, a handful of pilgrims showed up at the monastery's imposing iron gates demanding to come in to pray.

Despite the current atmosphere, Arsenious says he's optimistic things will change. He said he dreams of a return to the days of the 1970s, before the rise of Muslim conservatism and Islamic militancy.

"It is unrealistic to expect that people, like in the West, would never ask about one's religion," he said. "But I want to at least comfortably spend a whole day with a Muslim friend without fear that he could turn against me at any moment."

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