Charles Dharapak, Associated Press
NEW YORK — The Obamacare insurance exchanges got off to a rocky start Tuesday, with many websites meant to provide new access to the uninsured seeing delays or breakdowns. New York's exchange was swamped with 2.5 million visitors in the first half-hour, officials there said.
The U.S.-run marketplace meant to serve 36 states was unresponsive early Tuesday, with messages saying the site was dealing with "a lot of visitors" or simply "down." Federal officials are aware of the delays and working on fixing them as quickly as possible, said an administration official who wasn't authorized to speak about the issues on the record.
Of the 14 states and Washington D.C. that have their own exchanges, only four — Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Colorado and Washington, D.C. — appeared to be up and ready for business between 9:30 and 10:30 a.m. New York time. After New York's website began displaying error messages, state officials began advising people on Twitter to call to sign up, and said wait- times at the state call center were about 10 minutes.
"The not-so-good news is the wheels aren't turning as quickly as they could," said Cesar Perales, New York's secretary of state, at a news conference in New York City. "We are doing something that has never been done before."
The exchanges, created by the 2010 Affordable Care Act, struggled as the United States faced its first partial government shutdown in 17 years, borne of Republican opposition to the law. The shutdown didn't delay the opening of the new markets because they are funded largely through mandatory spending not affected by the budget showdown in Congress.
The federal exchange began posting error messages for at least 24 of 36 states as of 8 a.m. Washington time, Reuters reported. The Obama administration needs some breathing room, said Kathleen Sebelius, the HHS secretary, at a briefing with reporters yesterday. She compared the exchanges to Apple Inc.'s new mobile operating system, which the company upgraded days after its debut to correct a flaw.
"No one is calling on Apple to stop selling devices for a year or to get out of the business," Sebelius said. "It's a reminder that we're likely to have some glitches. We'll fix them and move on."
Would-be enrollees don't have to complete the process until Dec. 15 to guarantee coverage starting in Jan. 1. They may be dissuaded from signing up this month because the first premium payment to their insurer is due within 30 days of enrollment.
Still, the problems offer an embarrassing debut for a system at the heart of the Obamacare's efforts to cover more of the 48 million uninsured Americans. The exchanges are supposed to help consumers access federal subsidies and choose from a menu of private insurance plans that take effect Jan. 1, when the law requires all Americans to obtain insurance.
"We have built a dynamic system and are prepared to make adjustments as needed and improve the consumer experience," Joanne Peters, a spokeswoman for the Health and Human Services Department, said in an email. "This new system will allow millions of Americans to access quality, affordable health care coverage."
The Obama administration had warned of early glitches for weeks and even states that have cooperated with the law's rollout had downplayed today's debut, saying they wanted to avoid having their websites and call centers overwhelmed.
Maryland pushed back the planned 8 a.m. opening of its online marketplace until noon, according to a message on its website that said the exchange was "experiencing connectivity issues."
At the Community Clinic Inc. in Silver Spring, Md., clinic, "navigators" trained to help people enroll handed out fliers with details on the exchange offerings, or mad e appointments for people to come back later.
"It was supposed to be up," said Apoorva Srivastava, one of the navigators, "so there's not all that much we can do."
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