J. Scott Applewhite, Associated Press
WASHINGTON — Senate Democrats are trying to restore lower interest rates on student loans, a week after Congress' inaction caused those rates to double.
A procedural vote is scheduled for Wednesday on a Senate measure that would return rates on subsidized Stafford loans to 3.4 percent for one year. An earlier attempt in the Senate to keep rates low came up short and rates for those loans doubled to 6.8 percent on July 1.
The increase did not affect many students right away; loan documents are generally signed just before students return to campus, and few students returned to school over the July Fourth holiday. Existing loans were not affected, either.
However, absent congressional action in the coming weeks, the increase could spell an extra $2,600 for an average student returning to campus this fall, according to Congress' Joint Economic Committee. Lawmakers from both parties have criticized the increase and the costs passed to students, but there is little agreement on how to restore the lower rates.
"It's not fair for Democrats who run Washington to stand in students' way," said Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers of Washington state, a member of the House GOP leadership.
Countered Democratic Sen. Jack Reed of Rhode Island, "The Republican proposals are attractive in the short term but in the long term are extremely expensive."
During last year's presidential campaign, lawmakers from both parties voted to keep interest rates on subsidized Stafford loans at 3.4 percent. Yet this year, without a presidential election looming, the issue seemed to fizzle and the July 1 deadline passed without action.
Most Democratic senators favored keeping the rates at 3.4 percent for now and including a broad overhaul of federal student loans in the Higher Education Act rewrite lawmakers expect to take up this fall. Sen. Al Franken, D-Minn., said the matter needs to be viewed in a holistic way.
"How are we going to address the costs of college? How are we going to make college more affordable for our kids?" Franken said.
Yet an earlier Democratic attempt at a two-year extension failed to overcome a procedural hurdle before lawmakers left for the July Fourth holiday. Under Senate rules, 60 votes are needed to let the proposal go forward and Democrats alone cannot force it ahead.
A one-year extension seemed heading toward the same fate.
"What is good about a short-term political fix?" said Sen. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, the top Republican on the Senate Education Committee.
Efforts to find a compromise seemed heading nowhere as well. Democratic Sen. Joe Manchin of West Virginia worked with Alexander to write a bipartisan bill that closely follows a bill the GOP-led House has already passed. That bill incorporated an idea that was included in President Barack Obama's budget to link interest rates to the financial markets.
Under the House plan, interest rates would be lower in the next few years but rise as the economy improves.
"That is not fair to students and it is certainly not good for our economy," said Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash.
The Democratic chairman of the Education Committee, Sen. Tom Harkin of Iowa, also said the GOP proposal was not an option and stood opposed to considering it this summer. Instead, he insisted on a one-year extension of the current rates.
"Congress has an imperative to pass a plan to keep rates low now so that students and families struggling to afford college can count on affordable federal student loans," Harkin said.
Without an agreement, though, students are facing 6.8 percent interest rates on new subsidized Stafford loans, which typically go to students from lower- and middle-income families.
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