Is the McMansion era over? How the recession is changing the size of American dream homes
"The housing market is slower to respond to trends," Susanka says. "We had to have a huge downturn just to look at the possibility of smaller high quality homes."
She also noticed a shift following the terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001. "People are re-thinking what is important and there has been a big move to focus more on the community people are living in and having where they work be closer to where they live," Susanka says. "It is a kind of regrouping and focusing I think on what is important."
This shifting of attitudes about homes is having a similar effect, albeit in different ways, across the country.
Economic fears and families
Clark Ivory, owner of Ivory Homes, Utah's largest homebuilder, has seen several changes because of the economy. Ivory says fewer condos and townhouses are being built because the recession pushed property values down. Instead, people are opting for single-family homes. Because lot prices are so low, the difference between a single family home and a townhouse is not that much.
In the same way that the Libertyville project had to shift its focus from townhouses to succeed financially, Ivory had a development called Holiday Glen that changed with the times. "They would have been a bunch of twin homes," Ivory says.
Instead, Holiday Glen features smaller single-family homes.
Ivory says that these days, rather than looking for big homes, people are looking for really cool, smaller homes with a lot of design elements.
But in the range of the housing market where Ivory Homes concentrates, the impact on square footage by the economy hasn't materialized.
"The truth is," Ivory says, "the size of homes is not going down substantially."
In 2007, the average size of a home sold by Ivory Homes was 2,263 square feet. So far, in 2012, the average Ivory home has been 2,234 square feet. Despite the recession, people are getting the same size homes. In fact, it may be fears about the economy that is causing people to not downsize.
Ivory says people want to be ready if a parent or an adult child might lose a job or not be able to live on their own.
The size of second or "move-up" homes is still about the same size as in the past, but the purpose is to have enough square footage just in case it is needed and not to have a big home as an investment for its resell value. "When a family comes out to look at a home today, they want to be careful about getting more home for the money," Ivory says. "They need space for family needs. They need space for kids and a place for their parents or kids that come home."
Many homes are putting in kitchenettes — or at least want to make it easy to put in a kitchenette if the need arises, Ivory says. "Fewer basements are being finished these days," Ivory says. "People are looking for the lowest price."
Susanka says multigenerational concerns come and go with the economy. "When the economy is down, more people are aware they may need a house to accommodate an expansion of residents in their home," she says.
Concerns about the economy are also leaving footprints at the upper end of the housing market.
Supersizing in reverse
Ivory has noticed a downsizing in what some call "McMansion" sized homes. "People would rather have a quality home," he says. So instead of being 10,000 square feet, larger homes hover more around 6,000 square feet. "The larger homes are going to be less in vogue," he says, "even with those who can afford it."
"It is interesting that at the top end there has been a real softening in the McMansions, versus the mainstream home, which hasn't changed that much in size," Ivory says.
Ezra Lee is the owner of Ezra Lee Design + Build and creates higher-end custom homes. Lee has noticed changes in areas like Alpine, Utah, that have a lot of really big homes. "We are starting to see smaller homes with higher quality," he says.
People are asking themselves what they really need, Lee says. "There are enough homes out there that are awesome," he says, "but utility bills that are $600 to $800 a month are not as awesome."
Lee says people are more interested in the performance of a home than in the past. They want energy efficiency, they want more technology. "They want the creature features," he says.
Back in Libertyville, McLinden took advantage of economic trends and "new urbanist" hopes for smaller, walkable communities.
McLinden says some builders mistakenly believe that in this economy they need to create cheaper homes at the lowest price. "People will recognize and pay for quality," he says.
"I used to feel like a voice in the wilderness," Susanka says. "But there are a lot more people now singing the same song. I think through this recession, as hard as it has been, there will be some really great benefits in how we design and build our future."
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