Manu Brabo, Associated Press
TRIPOLI, Libya — Jubilant Libyans chose a new parliament Saturday in their first nationwide vote in decades, but violence and protests in the restive east underscored the challenges ahead as the oil-rich North African nation struggles to restore stability after last year's ouster of longtime dictator Moammar Gadhafi.
Women ululated, while men distributed sweets and the elderly with canes or wheelchairs struggled to get to polling centers in a show of joy over the most visible step toward democracy since the eccentric ruler was killed by rebel forces in late October after months of bitter civil war.
"Look at the lines. Everyone came of his and her own free will. I knew this day would come and Gadhafi would not be there forever," said Riyadh al-Alagy, a 50-year-old civil servant in Tripoli. "He left us a nation with a distorted mind, a police state with no institutions. We want to start from zero."
But attacks on polling centers in the east — where anger over perceived domination by rivals in the west is fueling a drive for autonomy — laid bare the rifts threatening to tear the nation apart.
Still the election for a 200-seat parliament, which will be tasked with forming a new government, was the latest milestone in a revolution stemming from the Arab Spring revolts that led to the successful ouster of authoritarian leaders in Tunisia, Egypt and later Yemen.
Nearly 2.9 million Libyans, or 80 percent of Libyans eligible to vote, have registered for the election and more than 3,000 candidates have plastered the country with posters and billboards. Electoral officials said turnout was 60 percent and counting of the ballots had begun.
"We are celebrating today and we want the whole world to celebrate with us," Prime Minister Abdurrahim el-Keib said after he cast his ballot in Tripoli.
As they did in Egypt and Tunisia, Islamists also hope to rise to power in Libya where they were long repressed under Gadhafi's secular rule. That would leave conservative religious parties with influence over a large and uninterrupted chunk of territory that stretches from Israel's southern border in Egypt to Tunisia.
One of the main contenders in the race was the Muslim Brotherhood's Justice and Construction party, which has led one of the best organized and most visible campaigns.
Three other parties also expected to perform well were former prime minister Mahmoud Jibril's secular Alliance of National Forces; former jihadist and rebel commander Abdel-Hakim Belhaj's Al-Watan; and the National Front, one of Libya's oldest political groups.
The election lines brought together men, women in black abayas and children accompanying their parents. Many voters waved the Libyan red, green and black flag or wrapped it around their shoulders.
Volunteers distributed sweets to mark the occasion and women hugged each other or sang as they waited in line. Others chanted "the martyrs' blood will not go in vain," a reference to the thousands of anti-regime rebels killed by Gadhafi's forces, or held pictures of loved ones killed in last year's fighting.
U.S. Sen. John McCain, an Arizona Republican, gave the election a clean bill of health during a visit to Tripoli. "Turnout is very high, polls crowded and people are obviously enthusiastic. Overall it is a successful operation," he told reporters.
The triumphant mood capped a rocky transition as interim leaders have largely failed to rein in armed militias and provide security while deepening regional and tribal disputes erupted into bloodshed with alarming frequency.
The new parliament is itself temporary, tasked with forming a new government that will take over until a new constitution is drafted so new elections can be held next year.
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