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Hani Mohammed, Associated Press
A Yemeni family, who left their home when al-Qaida took over southern Abyan province, lives in a classroom in a school, which is used as temporary shelters for displaced people in Aden, Yemen, Saturday, June 16, 2012. More than 40,000 of Yemeni displaced people are scattered in towns and cities across Yemen's south, languishing in miserable living conditions after al-Qaida militants took over large areas of the province last year.

SANAA, Yemen — A suicide bomber assassinated Yemen's army commander leading the fight against al-Qaida in the country's south, the Defense Ministry said, just days after the military had made major gains in its campaign to rout militants from their southern strongholds.

Maj. Gen. Salem Ali al-Quton was traveling in a three-car convoy in the southern city of Aden when the bomber threw himself on the general's SUV and detonated his explosives. The commander was killed and four of his security detail and a passer-by were seriously wounded, the ministry said.

No one immediately claimed responsibility for the attack. The ministry identified the bomber as a Somali national. Aden and the surrounding area has a significant Somali population after tens of thousands of Somalis, fleeing the turmoil in their own country, settled there over the past decades.

Monday's attack came after the army and tribal gunmen fighting alongside the military scored a series of battlefield victories last week in the south, driving al-Qaida militants out of the cities of Zinjibar and Jaar in Abyan province.

Al-Qaida had taken advantage of a security vacuum last year during a popular uprising against Yemen's longtime leader, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to seize large swaths of territory in the strategic south, mostly in Abyan but also in the adjoining Shabwa province. That raised fears it could use the area as a foothold to launch more attacks on U.S. targets.

The U.S. considers al-Qaida's Yemen branch, known as Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula, to be the terror network's most dangerous offshoot. The Yemeni military's push in the south is supported by U.S. military advisers from a command center manned by dozens of U.S. troops in the al-Annad air base in the southern desert, not far from the main battle zones.

Al-Qaida in Yemen has been blamed for directing a string of unsuccessful bomb plots on U.S. soil from its hideouts. It also emerged last month that the CIA thwarted a plot to down a U.S.-bound airliner using a new, sophisticated explosive to be hidden in the bomber's underwear. The planned bomber was actually a double agent who turned the device over to the U.S. government

Also Monday, Yemen's Defense Minister Mohammed Nasser Ahmed told state TV that the army and tribal fighters entered the town of Azan in Shabwa. Yemeni troops shelled the town for several days to pave the way for ground troops and drive out militants.

"Azan and the nearby areas are under the control of the army," said Ahmed. A local official in Shabwa, Yaslem Bajenoub, said most of the militants fled Azan and that town volunteers are guarding the residents.

Ahmed al-Azani, a resident of Azan, told The Associated Press by telephone that the militants left the town in trucks loaded with weapons.