Susan Walsh, Associated Press
WASHINGTON (MCT) — The Obama administration announced plans Friday to prevent the deportations of hundreds of thousands of undocumented immigrants who were brought to the United States illegally as children.
The policy change, embraced by Hispanics and blasted by the GOP, allows young illegal immigrants who were raised in the country to remain for two years under a deferred deportation.
The decision came in the form of a directive by the Department of Homeland Security. It bypassed Congress, where legislation with a similar intent has been stalled for more than a decade. In reality, the action likely will last only as long as President Barack Obama remains president.
"These are young people who studied in our schools," Obama said from the Rose Garden. "They play in our neighborhoods. They're friends with our kids. They pledge allegiance to our flag. They're Americans in their heart, in their minds, in every single way, but one: on paper."
The announcement comes in an election year as the president and GOP nominee Mitt Romney maneuver for the hearts and minds of the nation's nearly 20 million Latino voters.
On Friday, Romney spoke to reporters outside his campaign bus on the opening day of a six-state tour and a few hours after Obama's announcement. He would not answer shouted questions about whether he would reverse the order if elected president.
"It's an important matter to be considered and should be solved on a long-term bias so they know what their future would be in this country," Romney said. Obama's executive order to allow some illegal immigrants to obtain work permits and stay in the U.S. legally was problematic, he said, because "an executive order, of course, is a short-term matter. It can be reversed by subsequent presidents."
Romney has previously supported a path to legal status for illegal immigrants who serve in the military.
Just a one month after he announced his support of gay marriage, Obama looks to be shoring up a liberal base that had become frustrated with his lack of progress on its causes.
As the president spoke, dozens of young people began gathering outside the White House. They carried signs that read: "Yes, we did it!" and "You got my vote now!!"
Within an hour of the announcement, a political group supporting Obama distributed statements by Romney opposing giving illegal immigrants a path to citizenship.
Obama leads Romney 61 percent to 27 percent among Hispanics in a recent NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll, but Latino advocates say his administration has continued to deport record numbers of illegal immigrants, many of whom were arrested for minor offenses.
In the past two weeks, undocumented students have staged protests at Obama campaign offices in Charlotte, N.C., Denver and Oakland, Calif., urging the president to take executive action and spare young illegal immigrants from deportation.
One of Obama's toughest critics on immigration, Democratic Rep. Luis Gutierrez of Illinois, called the announcement a "reason to celebrate."
But others remained skeptical.
Undocumented student Viridiana Martinez forced her own arrest during two protests in Atlanta and Charlotte. The 25-year-old from Sanford, N.C., said she was encouraged that protesters' voices were being heard, but she worried the directive would not be properly implemented.
"It proves the power that we have as undocumented youth," she said. "I think that he's feeling the pressure. But I'm way skeptical."
She noted that few immigrants have been released after last year's announcement that the Obama administration would use "prosecutorial discretion" to stop the deportation of illegal immigrants on minor offenses.
The new policy is different, said Laura Lichter, president of the American Immigration Lawyers Association, which declared prosecutorial discretion a failure.
Lichter said the new policy is more clear and lacks the ambiguity of prosecutorial discretion that left too much of the decision to interpretation.
Some 800,000 undocumented immigrants are expected to be affected.
Are not above age 30
Came to the United States under age 16
Resided in the United States for a least five years
Are currently in school, graduated from high school, obtained a GED, or honorably discharged veteran
Have no criminal record
Contributing: Associated Press
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