Regarding the interdicting of drug shipments, capturing "kingpin" distributors and incarcerating dealers, consider data from the book "Drugs and Drug Policy: What Everyone Needs to Know" by Kleiman, Jonathan Caulkins and Angela Hawken. Almost all heroin comes from poppies grown on 4 percent of the arable land of one country — Afghanistan. Four South American countries — Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia — produce more than 90 percent of the world's cocaine. But attempts to decrease production in source countries produce the "balloon effect." Squeeze a balloon in one spot, it bulges in another. Suppress production of poppies or coca leaves here, production moves there. The $8 billion Plan Colombia was a melancholy success, reducing coca production there 65 percent, while production increased 40 percent in Peru and doubled in Bolivia.
In the 1980s, when "cocaine cowboys" made Miami lawless, the U.S. government created the South Florida Task Force to interdict cocaine shipped from Central and South America by small planes and cigarette boats. This interdiction was so successful the cartels opened new delivery routes. Tranquility in Miami was purchased at the price of mayhem in Mexico.
America spends 20 times more on drug control than all the world's poppy and coca growers earn. A subsequent column will suggest a more economic approach to the "natural" problem of drugs.
George Will's email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
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