Utah student selected as Freedom Rider to retrace historic civil rights route

By Blair Howell

For the Deseret News

Published: Thursday, April 21 2011 11:00 a.m. MDT

Salt Lake City resident Steve Holbrook was a spokesperson at 1965 week-long protest in the city after a NAACP-backed bill to establish a public commission on Utah civil rights was defeated in the state legislature. According to a 1965 front-page report in the University of Utah Daily Chronicle, "Several heated discussions broke out between marchers and observers during the demonstration." Following the national PBS broadcast of "Freedom Riders," KUED will telecast two local films on the civil rights movement in Utah.


SALT LAKE CITY — They came to be known as Freedom Riders.

In a little-known chapter of the country’s civil rights movement, nonviolent activists boarded buses bound for New Orleans with a single objective: challenge the era’s segregation of bus travel. Over a six-month period in 1961, the volunteers endured mob violence, with local police often refusing to intervene, and imprisonment rather than forsake their ideals.

To commemorate the 50-year anniversary of this movement and promote a PBS documentary on the topic, 40 college students — including a University of Utah student — will be given the unique opportunity to travel along the civil rights bus route and document their experience.

“It will be interesting to see how we as this group of students from different backgrounds and many different cities process this together and what we will take away from it,” said Esther Kim, who is studying sociology and gender studies and a member of the university’s 2012 class. “History books give one view but it is a totally different perspective to meet personally with these activists and travel along the same route that they did.

“I have a great deal of respect for what they were able to accomplish.”

The PBS organizers have dubbed the contemporary group Student Freedom Riders, and it was important that those selected from the 1,000 applicants represented a diverse cross-section of Americans to reflect the original Freedom Riders of both black and white protestors. They are from 33 states and include students who grew up in China, Tajikistan and Haiti.

“History is fascinating, but more importantly, we know it informs almost every social and political decision made today,” said Mark Samels, executive producer of the award-winning PBS American Experience series. The nonprofit broadcaster commissioned filmmaker Stanley Nelson’s documentary “Freedom Riders” that will be telecast by the 348 member stations, including Utah’s KUED, on May 16. One critic called it “a real-life David and Goliath story that will exhilarate all audiences.”

The bus tour is intended to spur “cross-generational dialogue” about the role of civic engagement, he explained. Another objective is to consider "what issues inspire students to ‘get on the bus’ today.”

“It’s those lessons from 1961 and how they are informing civic engagement today that we look forward to exploring on this ride,” Samels added.

“Because I am an Asian woman, I have a connection to the civil rights movement and the rights of people of color,” Kim said. “I want to reconcile where I belong within this movement.”

Riding with the students will be original Freedom Riders and Nelson, who created the PBS film that competed at last year’s Sundance Film Festival. The expenses-paid “moving classroom” excursion will begin with a public event May 6 in Washington, D.C., and travel through seven Southern states.

Concluding May 15 in New Orleans, the intended destination of the 1961 Freedom Riders, the travel will include the Montgomery, Ala., church that a mob threatened to burn down with Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King and others inside. The event coincides with an anniversary reunion of the original riders.

“The Freedom Ride created an unbelievable sense: Yes, we will make it. Yes, we will survive. And that nothing, but nothing, was going to stop this movement,” Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga.), an original Freedom Riders, has said.

“Ninety-nine percent of us were from the South,” said Catherine Burks-Brooks, another rider, at one preview of the documentary. “What we had participated in life we didn’t like. What we had suffered we didn’t like.”

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