For generations, it has been an LDS icon, one of the most famous
artworks of Mormonism. Now, a copy of Torleif S. Knaphus' \"Handcart
Pioneers\" sculpture, viewed by millions of Temple Square visitors over
the years, will grace the Norwegian Emigrant Museum in Ottestad,
Norway, about a two-hour drive north of Oslo.
Knaphus (1881-1965) was a Norwegian convert to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints who
emigrated to Salt Lake City in 1905, where he created many sculptures
and paintings, some with LDS themes. Many of the sculptures were
commissioned by the church. Besides the handcart statue, perhaps his
most famous work is the Hill Cumorah Monument in Palmyra, N.Y.,
depicting the angel Moroni.
\"It is a natural fit to have a statue about emigrants by a Norwegian
emigrant be placed at the Norwegian Emigrant Museum,\" said Allen P.
Gerritsen, a Knaphus grandson and representative of the Knaphus
(pronounced kuh-NOP-hoos) Family Organization.
The sculpture being sent to Norway is a casting from the 3-feet-high
original commissioned in 1924 by the Daughters of Utah Handcart
Pioneers. That work was displayed for decades in the old Bureau of
Information Building on Temple Square in Salt Lake City, where the
South Visitors Center now stands.
For the 1947 centennial of the coming of the Mormon pioneers to
Utah, the church commissioned a heroic-size copy of the sculpture for
placement on Temple Square, where it has stood for years just east of
the Assembly Hall.
Gerritsen said the sculpture going to Norway will be
placed June 7 in a prominent location outside the museum along a
pathway between the museum's research center and church. The event will
be marked by a celebration and formal unveiling, with Norwegian
dignitaries to be invited.
Scores of Knaphus descendants gathered Saturday in Salt Lake City
for a \"send-off\" of the sculpture. Among those on hand were two people
who served as models for members of the pioneer family depicted in the
And Knaphus' own daughter, Marie Kanphus James, was the model for the little girl riding in the handcart.
Now 85, she shared memories of her father. Though she does not
remember him sculpting the original in 1924, the creation of the large
one in 1947 \"was a big thing in my life,\" she said.
She remembered going to the studio to see him work. She was there on
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