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Syria faces sanctions but army stands by regime

By Elizabeth A. Kennedy

Associated Press

Published: Friday, Nov. 25 2011 12:00 p.m. MST

Syrian refugees who fled violence in their country to Lebanon hold Arabic placards reading "The security of the Syrian refugees is the Lebanese Government's responsibility," right, and "The international community knows you are a liar, center," during a demonstration in front of the International Committee of the Red Cross office urging the international organization to improve their living conditions, in the northern city of Tripoli, Lebanon, on Friday Nov. 25, 2011. Syria missed an Arab League deadline Friday to allow hundreds of observers into the country, prompting the bloc to consider economic sanctions against Damascus for its eight-month crackdown on dissent, a senior diplomat said. (AP Photo)

The Associated Press

BEIRUT — The Syrian military vowed Friday to "cut every evil hand" that targets the country's security, a defiant stance by the regime as it faces the possibility of sweeping economic sanctions from the Arab League.

The military statement could signal darker days to come in an eight-month revolt against President Bashar Assad that is turning more violent by the day.

Until recently in the uprising, most of the bloodshed came as security forces fired on mainly peaceful protests. But there have been growing reports of army defectors and armed civilians fighting Assad's forces — a development that some say plays into the regime's hands by giving government troops a pretext to crack down with overwhelming force.

"The choice offered by the regime appears clear-cut: preservation of Assad's rule or collective destruction," the International Crisis Group said in a report this week.

Assad blames the unrest on a foreign plot to destabilize Syria, saying extremists and terrorists — not true reformers — are driving the calls to oust him. On Friday, the military blamed terrorists for an attack a day earlier in Homs, saying six elite pilots and four technical officers were killed in an ambush.

"The general command of the armed forces sees that enemies of the country are behind this terrorist act," the military said. "The armed forces will continue to carry out its mission ... and will cut every evil hand that targets Syrian blood."

Although many Syrians resent the security forces that they blame for oppressing the uprising, they respect the armed forces.

Unlike the armies of Tunisia and Egypt, Syria's military has stood fiercely by the country's leader as Assad faces down an extraordinary protest movement.

In the past 40 years, Assad and his father before him stacked key military posts with members of their minority Alawite sect — an offshoot of Shiite Islam — ensuring the loyalty of the armed forces by melding the fate of the army and the regime. Syria is overwhelmingly Sunni Muslim.

"Many regime supporters are terrified about their future and thus liable to resist till the bitter end," the Brussels-based ICG said its report. "A majority of Alawite officials, security officers and ordinary citizens, along with segments of the Christian community and some secularists, have become convinced that their fate is either to kill or be killed."

It is not clear who was behind Thursday's attacks. It's impossible to verify events on the ground because Syria has banned foreign journalists and prevented independent reporting.

Syria is the scene of the deadliest crackdown against the Arab Spring's eruption of protests, with the U.N. reporting more than 3,500 people killed in eight months. International pressure has been mounting on Assad to stop the killing.

Also Friday, a U.N. human rights panel expressed alarm at reports it received of security forces in Syria torturing children. The Geneva-based Committee against Torture says it has received "numerous, consistent and substantiated reports" of widespread abuse in the country.

The panel's chairman, Claudio Grossman, cited reports of "extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions; arbitrary detention by police forces and the military; and enforced and involuntary disappearances."

The Arab League gave Syria a 24-hour deadline to agree to an observer mission or face sanctions, a humiliating blow to a nation that was a founding member of the Arab coalition.

But the Friday afternoon deadline passed with no agreement. Instead, Arab League Secretary-General Nabil Elaraby received a letter from Syria seeking more details about the proposed observer mission and its legal status.

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