ATHENS, Greece — Greece's president convened crisis talks between the country's embattled prime minister and the head of the conservative opposition Sunday in an effort to hammer out a solution on forming an interim government and ending a political crisis that threatens the country's solvency and cherished eurozone membership.
President Karolos Papoulias hosted the meeting between Prime Minister George Papandreou and the head of the main opposition conservatives, Antonis Samaras, after two days of political wrangling. The meeting ended after about an hour and a half, but there was no immediate word on the outcome.
Faced with mounting pressure from both the opposition and his own lawmakers, Papandreou has said he will step aside if agreement can be reached on the formation of an interim government that will secure a new European debt deal for Greece and the disbursement of a vital bailout loan installment without which the country will default within weeks. He survived a confidence vote in his government Saturday.
"It is clear that this government will hand over the baton, but it will not hand it over into the void. It will hand over to the next government, if we agree and decide on it," Papandreou told his ministers during an emergency Cabinet meeting earlier Sunday. "And I hope that occurs ... soon. And when I say 'soon', I mean today, not tomorrow, for many reasons."
Greek officials are hoping to have agreed on a new interim government by Monday, when the country has to attend a meeting of eurozone finance ministers in Brussels.
"Forming a new government is not just a question of having someone representing the country. There are very specific things to be done and we must show responsibility and send a strong message to our partners abroad that we, as a country, are ready not only to vote the agreement, but also to implement it," Papandreou said during the Cabinet meeting, according to a transcript of his statements released by his office.
He reiterated that "I am not interested in staying on in this new government as prime minister. I couldn't have been clearer. I don't play games and neither do I gamble the country's fortunes."
Samaras, who has been pressing for snap elections, has set Papandreou's resignation as a condition for participating in any talks, saying earlier Sunday he considered the prime minister to be "dangerous" for the country.
The crisis was sparked after Papandreou's shock announcement on Oct. 31 that he wanted to put a new European debt deal aimed at rescuing his country's economy to a referendum. That plan caused an uproar in Europe, with the leaders of France and Germany saying any popular vote in Greece would decide whether the country would remain in the euro. European officials also said the country would not receive the vital €8 billion euro installment of its existing €110 billion bailout until the uncertainty in Athens was over.
Papandreou's announcement also spooked international markets, leading stock markets to tumble and led to calls in Greece for Papandreou's resignation — even from among his own Socialist lawmakers and ministers — with many saying he had endangered Greece's bailout.
The prime minister withdrew the referendum plan on Thursday, after Samaras indicated his party would back the new debt deal, which was agreed upon after marathon negotiations in Europe on Oct. 27.
Greece has been surviving since May 2010 on its initial bailout. But its financial crisis was so severe that a second rescue was needed as the country remained locked out of international bond markets by sky-high interest rates and facing an unsustainable national debt increase.
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