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A quick look at Apple's CEOs

Associated Press

Published: Wednesday, Aug. 24 2011 7:40 p.m. MDT

FILE - In this Jan. 9, 2007 file phtoo, Apple CEO Steve Jobs holds up an Apple iPhone at the MacWorld Conference in San Francisco. Apple Inc. on Wednesday, Aug. 24, 2011 said Jobs is resigning as CEO, effective immediately. He will be replaced by Tim Cook, who was the company's chief operating officer. It said Jobs has been elected as Apple's chairman.

Paul Sakuma, File, Associated Press

Enlarge photo»

A list of the men who have held the chief executive role at Apple Inc.:

1977 to 1981: Michael Scott, director of manufacturing at National Semiconductor Corp. Went on to become a collector of and expert on gemstones.

1981 to 1983: Mike Markkula, formerly of Fairchild Semiconductor International and Intel Corp. Was an initial angel investor in Apple. Chaired Apple's board until 1996, went on to found Echelon Corp., ACM Aviation, San Jose Jet Center and Rana Creek Habitat Restoration.

1983 to 1993: John Sculley, Pepsico's CEO. Went on to become a venture capitalist.

1993 to 1996: Michael Spindler. Rose through the ranks at Apple to become CEO.

1996 to 1997: Gil Amelio, CEO of National Semiconductor and Apple board member. After Apple, he became a venture capitalist.

1997 to 2000: Steve Jobs(asterisk)

2000 to 2011: Steve Jobs is named CEO in 2000.

2011: Tim Cook, previously Apple's chief operating officer, is named CEO on Aug. 24.

(asterisk)Jobs returns to Apple as an adviser, then operates as de facto head of the company.

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