The Palmyra New York Temple was the 100th announced and the 77th dedicated temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Situated on a hill immediately east of the path between the Smith log home and the Smith Manchester frame home, it overlooks the Sacred Grove.

The first temple of the church built in the state of New York, it was dedicated by President Gordon B. Hinckley on April 6, 2000, the 170th anniversary of the organization of the church. Because of the high level of interest, the dedicatory services were broadcast through the church's encrypted satellite system to 1,300 sites throughout North America. Along with the temples in Winter Quarters, Neb., and Nauvoo, Ill., it is one of three built at sites of historical significance.