Yves Logghe, Associated Press
BRUSSELS — The European Union warned Friday that the debt loads of Greece, Ireland and Portugal will be much bigger than previously forecast, adding to fears that international bailouts are failing to solve the region's crisis.
The EU's Monetary Affairs Commissioner Olli Rehn said Greece needed to cut spending even further than foreseen in its bailout program. While he fell short of confirming the country may soon need a second bailout — on top of the €110 billion ($156 billion) in rescue loans it got a year ago — Rehn said its situation was "very serious" and called on opposition forces to support the government's efforts.
The bloc's biannual economic forecasts did paint a more optimistic picture of the economy of Spain — commonly seen as the next-weakest state in the eurozone — which supports the currency union's hope that the debt crisis won't draw in any other countries.
However, for the three countries that have already received or are about to get international help, debt is expected to remain a problem for some time. The higher debt forecasts, combined with larger budget deficits and weak growth, boost the complaints of many economist that the bailouts are taking too hard a toll on economic activity and are not solving the debt problem.
Greece's debt will reach 157.7 percent of economic output this year and jump to 166.1 percent in 2012, the European Commission, the EU's executive, said in its forecast. That's up from 150.2 percent and 156 percent respectively it predicted last fall.
Although Greece on Friday reported economic growth of 0.8 percent in the first quarter, that was little more than a rebound from a sharper than expected drop the previous quarter. Its longer-term prospects remain grim, with the Commission forecasting a 3.5 percent drop in economic output this year.
While expected, the Commission's sharp debt revisions will likely spice up discussions among eurozone governments on whether Greece will need a second bailout. It will also fuel calls from many economists who say the country needs to restructure its debts — forcing private creditors like banks and investment funds to accept later or lower repayments on the bonds they hold.
Greece's budget deficit will likely be 9.5 percent this year, about 2 percentage points above previous forecasts and the targets set out in its bailout program. The shortfall is expected to remain high at 9.3 percent in 2012.
"There is a need to take additional measures of fiscal adjustment already this year," Rehn said, though he declined to give details on whether — and in what form — there many also be additional support from other eurozone countries and the International Monetary Funds.
"I stick to the verbal discipline we agreed in the Eurogroup," Rehn said, referring to the grouping of eurozone finance ministers. He added that he expected serious discussions on further measures for Greece to begin at the ministers' next meeting on Monday.
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou rejected charges from a European Central Bank official that his country wasn't implementing the reforms promised to its international creditors. "We believe we are on track," Papandreou said on a visit to Oslo, again hitting out at investors who he said were making speculative bets against Greece.
The situation does not look much better in Ireland, the second country to get bailed out last year. It debt is expected to hit 112 percent of gross domestic product this year before rising to 117.9 percent in 2012. That's up from earlier forecasts of 107 percent and 114.3 percent.
Its economy is predicted to grow a meager 0.6 percent this year, while it will likely run a deficit of 10.5 percent, up from 10.3 percent forecast in the fall.
The most severe revisions were made for Portugal, which at the time of the last forecast was still hoping to avoid a bailout. However, after last year's deficit turned out much bigger than expected and the government collapse over austerity measures, Lisbon asked for help last month. Finance ministers are expected to sign off on a €78 billion ($110 billion) rescue package for the country on Monday.
Portugal's debt will likely stand at 101.7 percent of GDP in 2011 and increase to 107.4 percent next year, the Commission said. That's up from 88.8 percent and 92.4 percent previously.
The Portuguese economy will likely contract 4 percent over the next two year, in line with what international exports examining the country's books to prepare the bailout predicted last week. The deficits projections are also based on the targets set out in Portugal's bailout program, 5.9 percent this year and 4.5 percent in 2012.
The bleak forecasts for the eurozone's three weakest countries contrast with strong economic growth in the currency union's large countries such as Germany and France, where GDP growth was revised up.
Even for Spain there was some good news in Friday's forecasts.
Its debt load will reach 68.1 percent this year and grow to 71 percent in 2012. That's better than the 69.7 percents and 73 percent predicted last fall.
Bjoern H. Amland in Oslo and David McHugh in Frankfurt contributed to this story. Gabriele Steinhauser can be reached at http://twitter.com/gksteinhauser
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