WASHINGTON — In these angry political times, Democrats and Republicans agree on next to nothing. China is one exception. Democrats and Republicans alike are accusing each other of cozying up to Beijing and backing policies that send U.S. jobs and IOUs to the world's second-largest economy.
Hot rhetoric from both parties in the closing days of midterm campaigns has helped to fan protectionism sentiment in the United States, casting doubt on the fate of pending free-trade agreements and complicating U.S. dealings with a muscle-flexing China.
This America-first sentiment — against a background of continued high unemployment, a snail's pace recovery and hot political attack ads — seems likely to carry over to the next Congress no matter who wins control of the House and Senate in Tuesday's elections.
That anti-trade message is not good news for President Barack Obama as he heads to Asia in early November on a trip that includes a 20-nation summit in South Korea of the world's largest and fastest-growing economies.
The Group of 20 gathering had been seen as an opportunity to ease global trade tensions and to douse recent flare-ups between the U.S. and China over currency, exchange rates, climate change and security. But it could instead end up emphasizing unresolved differences.
In an election cycle in which foreign policy is seldom mentioned, China has become a prime economic target for both parties.
California Sen. Barbara Boxer upbraids Republican rival Carly Fiorina for sending jobs to "Shanghai instead of San Jose" as former CEO of Hewlett Packard. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid of Nevada calls tea-party backed Republican challenger Sharron Angle "a foreign worker's best friend" for supporting tax breaks for "outsourcing to China and India."
Connecticut Democratic Senate candidate Richard Blumenthal slams Republican rival Linda McMahon, former CEO of World Wrestling Entertainment, because her company gets its action figure toys from China, not the U.S. And Democrat Lee Fisher of Ohio says his GOP rival for the Senate, Rob Portman, "knows how to grow the economy — in China." Portman served as the top trade and budget official for former President George W. Bush.
Democrats have long accused the GOP of policies that ship U.S. jobs overseas. This season, Republicans are returning fire.
In West Virginia, Republican U.S. House candidate Elliott "Spike" Maynard aired an ad featuring Asian music and a photo of Chairman Mao to reproach Democratic Rep. Nick Rahall for backing stimulus legislation that gave tax breaks to companies that bought wind turbines from China.
And House Minority Leader John Boehner of Ohio blamed Obama and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., for a "stimulus that shipped jobs overseas to China instead of creating jobs here at home." He's expected to replace Pelosi as speaker if Republicans win control of the House.
Republicans have generally supported reducing barriers to free trade while Democrats have been more skeptical, due to opposition from labor unions and environmental groups. But this year, everything is upended with the retirement or rejection of moderate Republicans, the rising tea party movement and public hostility toward trade in general and China in particular.
The House Republicans' "Pledge to America" doesn't mention free trade. The House voted 348 to 79 last month to beef up the government's power to slap tariffs on Chinese imports. "Buy American" provisions in legislation are winning by wide bipartisan margins.
Polls suggest many Americans blame China for the continued loss of U.S. jobs, particularly in Rust Belt states. Many also seem troubled that China remains the world's largest holder of U.S. debt and has bounced back so quickly from the global economic crisis. It raised interest rates last week — while most other major economies are keeping them low — to keep its economy from overheating.
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